Skip to main content

Table 1 Description of Head and Neck Cancer Survivors (n = 250)

From: Resilience and its associated factors in head and neck cancer patients in Pakistan: an analytical cross-sectional study

Participants’ Sociodemographic Characteristics
Variables N = 250
N (%)/ Mean ± SE
Age (years) 51.59 ± 0.83
Gender
Male 198 (79.2)
Female 52 (20.8)
Formal Schooling
Yes 218 (87.2)
No 32 (12.8)
Informal Schooling
Yes 69 (27.6)
No 181 (72.4)
Type of Informal Schooling N = 69
Madrassa 42(60.9)
Self-Learnt (reading) 2 (2.9)
Learnt Quran 21 (30.4)
Multiple 4 (5.8)
Mother Tongue
Urdu 117 (46.8)
Sindhi 46 (18.4)
Punjabi 14 (5.6)
Pushto 10 (4.0)
Memoni 16 (6.4)
Baloch 12 (4.6)
Kachi 7 (2.8)
Other 21 (8.4)
Marital Status
Married 218 (87.2)
Single 14 (5.6)
Other 18 (7.2)
Family Structure
Extended 134 (53.6)
Nuclear 116 (46.4)
Role in Family
Head/Chief Decision-Maker 138 (55.2)
Not Head; involved in decisions 98 (39.2)
Not Head; not involved in decisions 14 (5.6)
Number of Members in Family
  ≤ 6 129 (51.6)
  > 6 121 (48.4)
Working Status
Working 89 (35.6)
Not Working 161 (64.4)
Spouse’s Working Status N = 218
Working 36(16.5)
Not Working 182 (83.5)
Monthly Household Income (PKR/USD)
No Income 18 (7.2)
2000–25,000 ($ 13-$151) 40 (16.0)
25,000–40,000 ($151–$242) 26 (10.4)
40,000–80,000 ($242–$484) 69 (27.6)
80,000–170,000 ($484–$1028) 97 (38.8)
Household Income (PKR/USD) 45,000 (22650–100,000)/ 281(142–625)
Comorbidities
Hypertension (HTN) 64 (25.6)
Diabetes (DM) 39 (15.6)
Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) 10 (4.00)
Undergone any disease 63 (25.2)
Addictive use Smoked tobacco users
Current 5 (2.4)
Ex 59 (23.6)
No 185 (74.0)
Smokeless tobacco users
Current 14 (5.6)
Ex 103 (41.2)
No 133 (53.2)
Family History of Cancer
Family history of head and neck cancer 32 (12.8)
Family History of any cancer other than head and neck cancer 38 (15.2)
Family history of depression 10 (4.0)
  1. PKR Pakistani Rupee
  2. USD US Dollars