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Table 5 Characteristics of the moderately and severely malnourished patients treated with either TPN or conservative management. TPN, total parenteral nutrition; BMI, body mass index; NRI, nutritional risk index; SBR, small bowel resection; PC, proximal colectomy; RSR, Rectosigmoid resection

From: Exploring the malnutrition status and impact of total parenteral nutrition on the outcome of patients with advanced stage ovarian cancer

  TPN (n = 57) Conservative management (n = 140) P value
Age (years, median, range) 47 (25–75) 50 (25–75) 0.6
Days to flatus (median, range) 7 (4–10) 7 (4–10) 0.09
Days of hospitalization (median, range) 11 (5–20) 13 (5–20) 0.02
Serum albumin (g/L) (median, range) 1.4 (1–1.9) 3.2 (2–5) < 0.001
BMI at admission (median, range) 61.6 (16–29.4) 20.9 (16.1–29.8) 0.9
BMI after surgery (median, range) 20.8 (15.6–29.4) 22.15 (15.2–30) 0.048
NRI at admission (median, range) 81.9 (75.2–97.3) 84.3 (75.1–97.4) 0.13
Days between surgery and TPN initiation (median, range) 3 (1–5)   
Duration of TPN (median, range) 3 (1–6)   
Bowel resection    
SBR (n, %) 13 (22.8%) 32 (22.9%) 0.998
PC (n, %) 14 (24.6%) 34 (24.3%)  
RSR (n, %) 12 (21.1%) 31 (22.1%)  
RSR + PC (n, %) 18 (31.6%) 43 (30.7%)  
Complications (n, %) 4 (7.0%) 11 (7.9%) 0.84
Readmissions (n, %) 3 (5.3%) 8 (5.7%) 0.9