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Table 2 Odds Ratios (95% CI) in the Logistic Regression Model for Predicting the Outcome Variables

From: Oral cancer knowledge and screening behavior among smokers and non-smokers in rural communities

Variables Ever had OPC examination Ever heard of OPC examination
Main predictors
Ever heard of OPC examination 3.733*** (3.105–4.487)
Smoking Status
  Never smoker (Reference)   
  Former smoker 1.092 (0.893–1.335)
  Current smoker 0.774* (0.599–0.999)
Race by smoking status
  White vs Other at never smoker 1.520** (1.158–1.996)
  White vs Other at former smoker 0.794 (0.507–1.243)
  White vs Other at current smoker 1.575 (0.913–2.717)
Social support by smoking status
  Social support at never smoker 0.973 (0.848–1.116)
  Social support at former smoker 1.217* (1.022–1.450)
  Social support at current smoker 0.782* (0.623–0.982)
Control variables
Age (10-years) 1.090* (1.015–1.171) 0.984 (0.922–1.052)
Gender 1.003 (0.831–1.211) 1.045 (0.879–1.242)
Race 1.383** (1.129–1.693)
Education 1.201*** (1.105–1.307) 1.061 (0.992–1.135)
Financial security 1.676*** (1.394–2.014) 1.438*** (1.216–1.701)
Health literacy 0.996 (0.860–1.153) 1.229**(1.074–1.407)
MOSS 0.986 (0.899–1.081)
Depression (CES-D) 0.826 (0.650–1.049) 0.828 (0.665–1.031)
Chronic conditions
  No chronic condition (Reference)   
  1 chronic condition 1.089 (0.849–1.398) 1.043 (0.830–1.312)
  2 or more than 2 chronic conditions 1.411** (1.112–1.789) 1.141 (0.917–1.419)
Perceived concern
  Not concerned (Reference)   
  Little concern 1.132 (0.916–1.400) 1.081 (0.889–1.313)
  Very concerned 1.307 (1.006–1.697) 1.122 (0.884–1.425)
  1. Note: CES-D Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression, CI Confidence Interval, MOSS Medical Outcomes Social Support, OPC Oral and Pharyngeal Cancer. *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001