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Table 4 Adverse events and complications

From: Image-guided microwave ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma (≤5.0 cm): is MR guidance more effective than CT guidance?

Categories CT-guided (n = 47) MR-guided (n = 54) P Value
Grades
Adverse events CTCAE   CTCAE   
Fever, maximum 38 °C, no treatment I 17(36) I 23(43) 0.546*
Fever, >  38 °C, treatment II 13(28) II 21(39) 0.293*
Nausea or vomiting II 7(15) II 6(11) 0.767*
Mild pain, requiring nonopioid oral analgesic treatment II 24(51) II 31(57) 0.553*
Moderate pain, requiring opioid oral analgesic treatment II 18(38) II 21(39) 1.000*
Mild liver dysfunction, requiring conservative treatment II 32(68) II 43(80) 0.254*
complications
 Liver abscess III 9(19) III 3(6) 0.022*
 Asymptomatic perihepatic fluid IV 2(4) IV 1(2) 0.596§
 Pleural effusion III 8(17) III 1(2) 0.011*
 Subcapsular liver hemorrhage IV 3(6) IV 1(2) 0.336§
  1. National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE version 4.03)
  2. Data are numbers of events. Data in parentheses are percentages
  3. Note. Data are presented as numbers of events. Data in parentheses are percentages. *Pearson χ2 test was used. §Fisher exact test was used
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