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Table 2 Annual Average Percentage Change (AAPC) in CRC incidence and mortality rates by sex and population groups, 2002–2014 in SA

From: Colorectal cancer incidence and mortality trends by sex and population group in South Africa: 2002–2014

Population group Sex Age-standardised Incidence Age-standardised Mortality
Period AAPC (95%CI) Period AAPC (95%CI)
Asian Males 2002–2014 0.6 (−2.0,3.2) 2002–2014 2.4(−0.4, 5.4)
Females 2002–2014 3.7 (− 0.2, 7.7) 2002–2014 −0.3(− 2.8, 2.3)
Mixed race Males 2002–2014 1.2 (−0.8,3.3) 2002–2014 3.0*(0.4,5.7)
Females 2002–2014 2.5 (−0.0,5.2) 2002–2014 1.3(−0.5, 3.1)
White Males 2002–2007 −8.8*(− 14.0,-3.2) 2002–2014 0.5(−0.6,1.6)
Males 2007–2014 10.4*(6.6,14.4)
Females 2002–2009 − 3.7 (−8.0, 0.9) 2002–2014 −0.2(−1.3,1.0)
Females 2009–2014 14.9*(6.4,24.2)
Black Males 2002–2014 3.4*(1.5,5.3) 2002–2014 4.2*(2.0,6.5)
Female 2002–2014 4.3*(1.9,6.7) 2002–2014 3.4*(2.0,4.8)
All All 2002–2014 2.5*(0.6,4.5) 2002–2014 1.3*(0.1,2.6)
  1. *The average annual percentage change (AAPC) is statistically significant: p-value < 0.05