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Table 1 Comparison of patient characteristics according to lymphovascular invasion

From: Value of digital mammography in predicting lymphovascular invasion of breast cancer

CharacteristicsTotalLVI = 0 (Negative)LVI = 1 (Positive)P
Age12249.99(10.17)48.93(9.34)0.566
History of giving birth12280420.488
 No54(80.00)1(20.00) 
 Yes11776(64.96)41(35.04) 
History of abortion12280420.560
 No8655(63.95)31(36.05) 
 Yes3625(69.44)11(30.56) 
nipple discharge1228042 
 No12080(66.67)40(33.33) 
 Yes20(0.00)2(100.00) 
CA153a12179420.514
 Negative11777(65.81)40(34.19) 
 Positive42(50.00)2(50.00) 
History of related illness12280420.488
 No11776(64.96)41(35.04) 
 Yes54(80.00)1(20.00) 
ER12280420.062
 Negative3921(53.85)18(46.15) 
 Positive8359(71.08)24(28.92) 
PR12280420.0591
 Negative4726(55.32)21(44.68) 
 Positive7554(72.00)21(28.00) 
HER-212280420.994
 Negative3221(65.63)11(34.38) 
 Positive9059(65.56)31(34.44) 
E-cada8756310.100
 Negative62(33.33)4(66.67) 
 Positive8154(66.67)27(33.33) 
Ki-6712280420.012
 Low2720(74.07)7(25.93) 
 Moderate3629(80.56)7(19.44) 
 High5931(52.54)28(47.46) 
P5312280420.126
 Negative4030(75.00)10(25.00) 
 Positive8250(60.98)32(39.02) 
Amount of fibroglandular tissue12280420.431
 Almost entirely fat/Scattered fibroglandular tissue4933(67.35)16(32.65) 
 Heterogeneous fibroglandular tissue5437(68.52)17(31.48) 
 Extreme fibroglandular tissue1910(52.63)9(47.37) 
Size12280420.094
 ≤2cm7956(70.89)23(29.11) 
 >2cm4324(55.81)19(44.19) 
Single/multiple12280420.746
 Single9563(66.32)32(33.68) 
 Multiple2717(62.96)10(37.04) 
Lesions12280420.8855
 Mass6543(66.15)22(33.85) 
 Mass/calcification5737(64.91)20(35.09) 
Location12280420.879
 Outer upper7349(67.12)24(32.88) 
 Outer lower54(80.00)1(20.00) 
 Lower inner1510(66.67)5(33.33) 
 Upper inner159(60.00)6(40.00) 
 Central area148(57.14)6(42.86) 
Mass shape12280420.160
 Lobulated168(50.00)8(50.00) 
 Irregular10672(67.92)34(32.08) 
Mass Margin12280420.088
 Smooth62(33.33)4(66.67) 
 Rough11678(67.24)38(32.76) 
Boundary12280420.714
 Clear6947(68.12)22(31.88) 
 Obscure2716(59.26)11(40.74) 
 Shield2617(65.38)9(34.62) 
Calcificationa5636200.279
 Vague and amorphous2518(72.00)7(28.00) 
 Fine polymorphous3118(58.06)13(41.94) 
Interstitial edema12280420.013
 No11076(69.09)34(30.91) 
 Yes124(33.33)8(66.67) 
Subcutaneous fat12280420.697
 Clear10167(66.34)34(33.66) 
 Muddy2113(61.90)8(38.10) 
Thicken Skin1228042< 0.001
 No8665(75.58)21(24.42) 
 Yes3615(41.67)21(58.33) 
Nipple retraction12280420.073
 No9868(69.39)30(30.61) 
 Yes2412(50.00)12(50.00) 
Axillary lymph node enlargement12280420.166
 No7754(70.13)23(29.87) 
 Yes4526(57.78)19(42.22) 
  1. aMissing value exists
  2. LVI Lymphovascular invasion