Skip to main content

Table 2 Top 20 unmet needs among young adult patients (N = 206)

From: Unmet supportive care needs and associated factors among young adult cancer patients in Japan

Unmet needs total (N = 206) Gender Marital status Children Chemotherapy
  Male (N = 26) Female (N = 180) p Married (N = 102) Single (N = 104) p Have (N = 76) None (N = 128) p No (N = 116) Under (N = 16) Done (N = 74) p
  (%) (%) (%)   (%) (%)   (%) (%)   (%) (%) (%)  
Psychological
 Fears of spreading of cancer 54.9 57.6 54.4 0.756 54.9 54.8 0.989 51.3 57.0 0.421 48.3 75.0 60.0 0.058
 Feeling down or depressed 51.5 61.5 50.0 0.271 44.1 58.7 0.037 * 42.3 57.0 0.040* 48.3 75.0 51.4 0.134
 Anxiety 48.1 53.8 47.2 0.527 42.2 53.8 0.093 39.7 53.1 0.062 40.5 75.0 54.1 0.015 *
 Concerns about the worries of those close to you 46.6 53.4 45.6 0.428 41.1 51.9 0.122 42.3 49.2 0.335 39.7 68.8 52.7 0.039 *
 Feelings of sadness 45.1 50.0 44.4 0.595 38.2 51.9 0.048 * 37.2 50.0 0.073 39.7 75.0 47.3 0.026 *
 Uncertainty about future 44.2 53.8 42.8 0.288 36.3 51.9 0.024 * 33.3 50.8 0.014 * 34.5 68.8 54.1 0.004**
 Worry that results of treatment are beyond your control 41.7 23.1 44.4 0.039 * 42.2 41.3 0.906 41.0 42.3 0.870 35.3 81.3 40.5 0.002**
 Keeping a positive outlook 39.8 53.8 37.8 0.118 32.6 47.1 0.030 * 28.2 46.9 0.008 ** 33.6 68.8 54.1 0.020 *
 Feelings about death and dying 35.9 38.5 35.6 0.773 31.4 40.4 0.178 33.3 37.5 0.545 28.4 50.0 44.6 0.037 *
Physical and daily living
 Lack of energy/tiredness 46.1 42.3 46.7 0.677 40.1 51.9 0.091 37.2 51.6 0.045 * 45.7 75.0 40.5 0.043 *
 Work around the home 42.2 50.0 41.1 0.391 31.4 52.9 0.002 30.8 49.2 0.009 ** 34.5 75.0 47.3 0.005 **
 Feeling unwell a lot of the time 36.9 46.2 35.6 0.295 30.4 43.3 0.055 23.1 45.3 0.001 ** 32.8 56.3 39.2 0.166
Health system and information
 Being informed about things you can do to help yourself to get well 40.3 42.3 40.0 0.823 37.3 43.3 0.379 38.5 41.4 0.676 35.3 68.8 41.9 0.036 *
 Being informed about your test results as soon as feasible 38.4 46.2 37.2 0.381 35.3 41.3 0.372 37.2 39.1 0.787 35.3 56.3 39.2 0.268
 Being given explanation of those tests for which you would like explanations 37.8 50.0 36.1 0.172 32.4 43.3 0.106 29.5 43.0 0.053 37.9 56.2 33.8 0.244
 Being informed about cancer which is under control or diminishing 37.3 46.2 36.1 0.322 31.4 43.3 0.078 32.1 40.6 0.217 33.6 68.8 36.5 0.024 *
 Being adequately informed about the benefits and side-effects of treatments before you choose to have them 37.0 46.2 35.6 0.295 33.3 40.4 0.294 33.3 39.1 0.408 35.3 56.3 35.1 0.248
 Having one member of hospital with whom you can talk to about all aspects of your condition, treatment and followup 36.8 38.5 36.7 0.859 31.4 42.3 0.104 32.1 39.8 0.261 34.5 50.0 37.8 0.473
 Having access to professional counseling if you, family or friends need it 36.4 42.3 35.6 0.504 32.4 40.4 0.231 38.5 40.6 0.107 26.7 62.5 45.9 0.002**
 Being treated like a person not just another case 35.4 42.3 34.4 0.433 28.4 42.3 0.037 * 29.5 39.1 0.163 28.4 62.5 40.5 0.015 *
Sexuality
 Changing in sexual feelings 35.4 26.9 33.9 0.332 31.4 34.6 0.359 28.2 35.9 0.428 35.3 25.0 37.8 0.622
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01; chi-squared test
  2. Top 10 unmet needs were showed by bolded numbers for each category