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Fig. 1 | BMC Cancer

Fig. 1

From: Risk factors and socio-economic burden in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma operation: a machine learning based analysis

Fig. 1

Study flowchart. 1242 patients were recruited in the current study. Through data pre-processing, 660 patients with 120 complete clinical variables were used as predictive variables. The data were pre-processed and randomly divided into a training set (80%) and a validation set (20%). In the training set, k-fold cross-validation (k = 10) is used, and various parameter combinations are exhausted by grid search

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