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Table 3 Univariate and multivariate analysis of DFS in fertility desiring patients after fertility-sparing surgery

From: Staging procedures fail to benefit women with borderline ovarian tumours who want to preserve fertility: a retrospective analysis of 448 cases

  Univariate P Value Multivariate P Value
OR 95% confidence interval OR 95%
confidence interval
FIGO Stage
 I 1      
II 21.061 9.662–45.909 0.000 11.586 4.535–29.602 0.000
Histology
 Serous 1   0.010    0.155
 Mucinous 0.196 0.068–0.654 0.003    0.189
 Others 0.000   0.975    NA
Lesion lateral
 Unilateral 1      
 Bilateral 5.491 2.570–11.73 0.000 2.581 1.061–6.283 0.037
Micropapillary
 Yes 1.976 0.840–4.649 0.119    NA
 No 1      
Microinvasion
 Yes 14.644 6.940–30.903 0.000    0.955
 No 1      
Carcinogenesis
 Yes 0.609 0.083–4.483 0.626    NA
 No 1      
Staging surgery
 Yes 4.290 1.979–9.298 0.000    0.358
 No 1      
Adjuvant chemotherapy
 Yes 7.797 3.648–16.664 0.000    0.391
 No 1      
Ascites/Pelivic washings
 Positive 13.350 5.612–31.770 0.000    0.888
 Negative 1      
Surgical Approach
 Laparotomy 1      
 Laparoscopy 0.332 0.135–0.820 0.017 0.367 0.148–0.913 0.031
CA-125
 Normal 1      
 Elevated 1.649 0.748–3.632 0.215    NA
Fertility sparing surgery
 Cystectomy-included 1      
 Adnexectomy 0.382 0.168–0.867 0.021 0.367 0.148–0.913 0.014
Appendectomy
 No 1      
 Yes 0.240 0.083–0.692 0.008    0.189
Invasive implants
 No 1      
 Yes 14.289 6.400–31.902 0.000 4.832 1.663–14.037 0.004