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Table 1 Sample characteristics

From: Supporting the patients with advanced cancer and their family caregivers: what are their palliative care needs?

  Patients (n = 599) Caregivers (n = 599)
Age Median (Q1,Q3) 62.0 (55.0, 68.0) 51.0 (40.0, 59.0)
Range 24.0–91.0 21.0–81.0
Clinical Setting SOC 350 (58.4%) 294 (49.1%)
Inpatient 249 (41.6%) 305 (50.9%)
Race Chinese 495 (82.6%) 467 (78.0%)
Malay 67 (11.2%) 84 (14.0%)
Indian 25 (4.2%) 37 (6.2%)
Others 12 (2.0%) 11 (1.8%)
Gender Male 295 (49.2%) 224 (37.4%)
Female 304 (50.8%) 375 (62.6%)
Marital Status Single 78 (13.0%) 122 (20.4%)
Married 453 (75.6%) 467 (78.0%)
Divorced 20 (3.3%) 5 (0.8%)
Widowed 48 (8.0%) 5 (0.8%)
Housing Type Don’t wish to say 4 (0.7%) 2 (0.3%)
HDB 1 to 2 rooms 42 (7.0%) 25 (4.2%)
HDB 3 to 4 rooms 293 (48.9%) 282 (47.1%)
HDB 5 rooms and above 171 (28.5%) 185 (30.9%)
Private residential property 89 (14.9%) 105 (17.5%)
Employment Status Unemployed 423 (70.6%) 241 (40.2%)
Employed 176 (29.4%) 358 (59.8%)
Palliative Care With palliative care 151 (25.2%) 222 (37.1%)
Without palliative care 448 (74.8%) 377 (62.9%)
Paired patient/ caregiver Non-paired 374 (62.4%) 374 (62.4%)
Paired 225 (37.6%) 225 (37.6%)
Highest Education Level Primary and lower 225 (37.6%) 122 (20.4%)
Secondary and higher 314 (52.4%) 303 (50.6%)
University 60 (10.0%) 174 (29.0%)
KPS Scores KPS 0–40 100 (16.7%) 176 (29.4%)
KPS 50–70 291 (48.6%) 275 (45.9%)
KPS 80–100 208 (34.7%) 148 (24.7%)
Awareness of Cancera No 6 (1.0%)  
Yes 582 (97.2%)  
Unsure 11 (1.8%)  
Receive Chemotherapya No 311 (51.9%)  
Yes 283 (47.2%)  
Unsure 5 (0.8%)  
Receive Radiotherapya No 558 (93.2%)  
Yes 34 (5.7%)  
Unsure 7 (1.2%)  
Cancer Typea Colorectal 121 (20.2%)  
  Lung 106 (18.0%)  
  Breast 92 (15.6%)  
  Gynaecological 38 (6.3%)  
  Head and neck 26 (4.3%)  
  Pancreas 26 (4.3%)  
  Kidney 26 (4.3%0  
  Upper gastrointestinal 22 (3.7%)  
  Liver 14 (2.3%)  
  Others 128 (21.3%)  
Relationship with Patientb Spouse   258 (43.1%)
Child   262 (43.7%)
Parent   5 (0.8%)
Sibling   38 (6.3%)
Extended family (cousin, aunt)   32 (5.3%)
Friend   2 (0.3%)
Others   2 (0.3%)
Aware of Diagnosisb No   4 (0.7%)
Yes   591 (98.7%)
Unsure   4 (0.7%)
Don’t wish to say   0 (0.0%)
Aware of Incurabilityb No   32 (5.3%)
Yes   499 (83.3%)
Unsure   59 (9.8%)
Don’t wish to say   9 (1.5%)
  1. a Data was not collected from the caregivers
  2. b Data was not collected from the patients