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Table 3 Postoperative morbidity and mortality

From: Short-term outcomes of robotic- versus laparoscopic-assisted Total Gastrectomy for advanced gastric Cancer: a propensity score matching study

Variables All Patients Patients after PSM
RATG(n = 126) LATG(n = 257) p RATG(n = 126) LATG(n = 126) p
Present/absent 30/96 (23.8%) 75/182 (29.2%) 0.268 30/96 (23.8%) 36/90 (28.6%) 0.390
Clavien-Dindo Classification
 I 3 (2.4%) 11 (4.3%) 0.352 3 (2.4%) 7 (5.6%) 0.197
  Wound problem 2 5   2 2  
  Fever 1 5   1 3  
  Cardiac dysfunction 0 2   0 2  
  Diarrhea 0 2   0 1  
  Chylous leakage 0 1   0 1  
 II 20 (15.9%) 43 (16.7%) 0.831 20 (15.9%) 22 (17.5%) 0.735
  Fever 5 4   5 3  
  Wound infection 0 1   0 1  
  Intra-abdominal infection 2 7   2 4  
  Intestinal obstruction 1 0   1 0  
  Catheter infections 4 1   4 1  
  Pulmonary infection 8 21   8 11  
  Pulmonary atelectasis 0 4   0 0  
  Pleural effusion 3 10   3 4  
  Anastomotic leakage 2 6   2 1  
  Anastomotic stenosis 2 1   2 0  
  Intra-abdominal bleeding 1 2   1 2  
  Duodenal stump leakage 0 2   0 1  
  Cardiac dysfunction 0 2   0 1  
 IIIa 2 (1.6%) 9 (3.5%) 0.466 2 (1.6%) 3 (2.4%) 1.000
  Wound problem 0 2   0 1  
  Duodenal stump leakage 1 0   1 0  
  Anastomotic leakage 0 3   0 1  
  Pleural effusion 1 6   1 2  
  Pyothorax 0 1   0 0  
  Intra-abdominal infection 0 5   0 2  
 IIIb 2 (1.6%) 4 (1.6%) 1.000 2 (1.6%) 0 (0%) 0.478
  Intra-abdominal bleeding 1 1   1 0  
  Anastomotic bleeding 0 1   0 0  
  Duodenal stump leakage 0 1   0 0  
  Anastomotic leakage 1 1   1 0  
 IVa 2 (1.6%) 4 (1.6%) 1.000 2 (1.6%) 2 (1.6%) 1.000
  Respiratory failure 2 3   2 1  
  Cardiac failure 0 1   0 1  
 IVb 0 (0%) 3 (1.2%) 0.554 0 (0%) 1 (0.8%) 1.000
  MODS 0 3   0 1  
 V 1 (0.8%) 1 (0.4%) 0.550 1 (0.8%) 1 (0.8%) 1.000
Clavien-Dindo grade ≥ IIIa 7 (5.6%) 21 (8.2%) 0.356 7 (5.6%) 7 (5.6%) 1.000
Mortality 1 (0.8%) 1 (0.4%) 0.550 1 (0.8%) 1 (0.8%) 1.000
  1. RATG Robotic-assisted total gastrectomy, LATG Laparoscopic-assisted total gastrectomy, PSM Propensity Score Matching, MODS Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome