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Table 3 Results of Multilevel Analysis of Having LDCT Among Those Living in Philadelphia Planning Districts (n = 530)

From: Black patients referred to a lung cancer screening program experience lower rates of screening and longer time to follow-up

 Model 1
Odds Ratio (95% Confidence Interval)
Model 2a
Odds Ratio (95% Confidence Interval)
Model 3a
Odds Ratio (95% Confidence Interval)
Model 4a
Odds Ratio (95% Confidence Interval)
Model 5a
Odds Ratio (95% Confidence Interval)
Individual Level
 Race
• Black0.44 (0.30–0.65)**0.50 (0.32–0.77)**0.50 (0.30–0.82)**N/A 
• White1.001.001.00  
Neighborhood Level
 Neighborhood Disadvantageb 0.53 (0.26–1.09)+   
 %blacksc
  low (2.5–24.2%)  1.001.00 
  high (39.5–93.4%)  0.82 (0.50–1.33)0.55 (0.37–0.83)** 
 Race x %blacks
  whites/low %blacks    1.00
  white/high %blacks    0.99 (0.37–2.63)
  blacks/low%blacks    0.54 (0.29–0.99)*
  blacks/high%blacks    0.41 (0.26–0.65)**
Log Likelihood− 314.75− 283.58− 294.19− 293.84−290.03
  1. Note. +p < .10; *p < .05; **p < .01
  2. a Adjusted for known lung cancer risk factors: age, gender, BMI, COPD, family history of lung cancer, and smoking status
  3. b Composite measure of neighborhood disadvantage (%of adults without health insurance, %of population living in a household with an income below 100% of the Federal Poverty Line, %of unemployment, and %of less than some college)
  4. c Median split of %blacks (low vs. high)