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Table 2 Pre- and intraoperative imaging of patients treated with resection of BM

From: Perioperative imaging in patients treated with resection of brain metastases: a survey by the European Association of Neuro-Oncology (EANO) Youngsters committee

 n%
Standards for perioperative imaging
 Yes9478.3
 No1411.7
 Not known1210.0
Imaging is supervised by …
 Neuroradiologist9881.7
 General radiologist1210.0
 Neurosurgeon10.8
 Not known97.5
Type of preoperative imaging
 MRI11293.3
 CT3630.0
 PET1714.2
Multimodal preoperative imaging
 MRI alone6856.7
 MRI + CT2722.5
 MRI + PET108.3
 MRI + CT + PET75.8
 CT alone21.7
 Not known65.0
Preoperative MRI protocol
 Standard MRI protocol6856.7
 Advanced imaging protocol4033.3
 Shortened MRI protocol21.7
 Not known108.3
Intraoperative techniques
 Neuronavigation9075.0
 Electrophysiological monitoring/stimulation5646.7
 Awake surgery4235.0
 Intraoperative ultrasound3932.5
 Fluorescence-guided surgery2319.2
 Intraoperative MRI97.5
 Intraoperative CT32.5
 Not known119.2
  1. CT computed tomography, MRI magnetic resonance imaging, PET positron emission tomography