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Table 2 Differences in the impact of cancer, coping strategies, social support, quality of life, and shared decision making by type of cancer, — colon or breast — in patients who went to the Medical Oncology department to consider adjuvant treatment

From: Biopsychosocial and clinical characteristics in patients with resected breast and colon cancer at the beginning and end of adjuvant treatment

 TOTAL (n = 497)Colon cancer (n = 266)Breast cancer (n = 231)tp
Psychological distress (BSI-18)a63.5 (6.8)62.4 (6.5)64.9 (6.9)−3.9030.001
 Anxiety61.9 (7.7)60.8 (7.4)63.2 (5.7)−3.2180.001
 Depression60.4 (5.9)59.5 (5.7)61.4 (6.1)−3.4000.011
 Somatization60.8 (6.7)59.9 (6.3)61.8 (6.9)−2.9780.003
Coping with cancer (M-MAC)b
 Adaptive65.7 (17.3)65.7 (17.3)66.6 (14.7)−0.5950.552
  Fighting spirit78.8 (17.7)78.5 (17.6)79.1 (17.7)−0.3850.701
  Cognitive Avoidance52.3 (25.9)51.6 (26.3)53.1 (25.3)−0.6250.532
  Fatalism67.2 (18.9)66.9 (20.1)67.5 (17.5)−0.3110.756
 Maladaptive32.6 (39.4)30.2 (19.2)30.10 (18.8)0.1080.914
  Helplessness18.2 (18.2)19.3 (18.6)16.7 (17.7)1.4790.140
  Anxious preoccupation42.1 (25.5)41.1 (25.4)43.3 (25.7)−0.8930.372
Social support (MPSS)c
 Family25.7 (3.5)26.2 (2.9)25.2 (4.1)3.0890.002
 Friends23.6 (4.8)22.9 (5.1)24.8 (4.3)−3.6720.001
 Significant other25.6 (3.8)25.8 (3.7)25.4 (3.9)1.1060.269
Quality of life (EORTC QLQ-C30)b
 Functional scale82.6 (11.3)83.6 (11.1)81.3 (11.4)−2.1830.030
 Symptom scale82.7 (11.7)84.1 (10.5)80.9 (12.8)−2.8290.005
 Health status Scale56.8 (19.7)56.6 (19.3)57.1 (20.3)−0.1550.877
 General quality of life scale74.4 (12.4)74.3 (12.2)74.1 (12.7)0.4660.642
Shared Decision Making (SDM)b
 Physician (SDM-Q-Doc)91.3 (9.1)91.8 (8.5)90.7 (90.8)1.2960.196
 Patient (SDM-Q-9)82.2 (19.3)84.5 (17.8)77.8 (20.7)2.9380.003
  1. Abbreviations: BSI Brief Symptom Inventory, EORTC-QLQ-C30 European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire, M-MAC Mini-Mental Adjustment to Cancer, MSPSS Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, SDM Shared Decision Making
  2. a T score. b Scale from 0 to 100. c Scale from 4 to 28 for each source of support