Skip to main content

Table 4 Changes in glucose and insulin-related characteristics in the study groups

From: Influence of pre-operative oral carbohydrate loading vs. standard fasting on tumor proliferation and clinical outcome in breast cancer patients ─ a randomized trial

 Carbohydrate group (CH)Fasting group (F)Between groupsNormal range
Admission values (A)Pre-operative Values (Pop)Difference within group (A-Pop)P-diff within groupAdmission values (A)Pre-operative Values (Pop)Difference within group (A-Pop)P-diff within groupDifference between group CH vs. FP-diff between groups 
GLUCOSE (mmol/L)          4.0 to 6.0
 Median5.054.70  5.305.10     
 Mean5.375.22– 0.150.6255.345.11– 0.230.009+  0.0720.824 
 IQR4.88 to 5.054.25 to 5.50  4.80 to5.804.70 to 5.40     
 Range4.40 to 10.003.2 to 12.1  4.20 to 6.403.30 to 6.90     
  95% CI4.90 to 5.804.48 to 5.96– 0.79 to 0.49 5.15 to 5.534.89 to 5.33−0.39 to −0.061 −0.59 to 0.73  
INSULIN (mIE/L))          <  29.1
 Median6.8026.65  6.908.60     
 Mean9.4333.68+ 24.25< 0.00019.149.09– 0.580.940+  24.31< 0.0001 
 IQR3.60 to 10.3320.90 to 45.28  5.00 to 12.13.30 to 8.60     
 Range2.00 to 32.506.00 to 86.60  2.00 to 24.802.00 to 22.00     
 95% CI6.00 to 12.9025.52 to 41.8515.39 to 33.11 6.88 to 11.047.06 to 11.12−1.58 to 1.47 15.34 to 33.27  
C-PEPTIDE (nM)          < 2.4
 Median0.61   0.660.68     
 Mean0.702.10+ 1.40< 0.00010.750.76+ 0.0040.926+  1.39< 0.0001 
 IQR0.50 to 0.831.50 to 2.41  0.53 to 0.660.53 to 0.68     
 Range0.34 to 1.910.71 to 5.10  0.38 to 1.920.40 to 1.45     
 95% CI0.57 to 0.831.67 to 2.530.98 to 1.83 0.64 to 0.860.66 to 0.85– 0.083 to 0.091 1.03 to 1.77  
IGF-1 (nM)          5 to 28
 Median18.6018.45  18.1017.90     
 Mean18.6718.98+ 0.310.54118.3018.88+ 0.580.145+ 0.620.672 
 IQR14.2 to 23.014.15 to 18.45  15.70 to 21.6018.80 to 23.30     
 Range8.5 to 30.610.20 to 33.50  8.60 to 32.809.80 to 32.80     
 95% CI16.36 to 20.9816.59 to 21.37−0.72 to 1.35 16.34 to 20.2516.89 to 20.86– 0.21 to 1.36 −1.51 to 0.98  
IGFBP-3 (mg/L)          2.9 to 5.1
 Median4.554.05  4.204.40     
 Mean4.434.02−0.42< 0.00014.534.37– 0.160.042– 0.260.015 
 IQR3.95 to 5.053.50 to 4.58  4.00 to 5.303.80     
 Range3.00 to 5.602.70 to 5.20  2.80 to 6.502.80 to 5.60     
 95% CI4.11 to 4.753.74 to 4.30−0.56 to −0.27 4.24 to 4.834.11 to 4.64−0.31 to − 0.0061 −0.46 to − 0.051