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Table 9 Postoperative complications (N = 11,791)

From: Current state of esophageal cancer surgery in China: a national database analysis

IssueNo. (%)
Pneumonia2736 (23.2)
Anastomosis leakage660 (4.9)
Bleeding (need reoperation)212 (1.7)
Respiratory failure (need mechanical ventilation)366 (3.1)
Hoarseness402 (3.4)
Chylothoraxa 
 Thoracic duct ligation (−)66 (1.2)
 Thoracic duct ligation (+)13 (0.2)
Gastric empty delay94 (0.8)
Re-admission (within 7 days)155 (1.3)
In-hospital mortality201 (1.7)
  1. aThe incidence of chylothorax was significant different between two groups, χ2 = 45.591, p < 0.001