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Table 4 Approaches utilized in open surgery (N = 7522)

From: Current state of esophageal cancer surgery in China: a national database analysis

IssueNo. of incisionNo. of patient (%)
Left Thoracotomy
 Left Thoracotomy11215 (16.2)
 Left Thoracotomy+cervical2173 (2.3)
Right Thoracotomy
 Ivor-Lewis21043 (13.9)
 Modified Ivor-Lewis2894 (11.8)
 Mckeown31231 (16.4)
 Nathan31170 (15.5)
 3FLND31599 (21.3)
 Transhiatal2197 (2.6)