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Table 3 Open versus MIE surgery (N = 11,791)

From: Current state of esophageal cancer surgery in China: a national database analysis

IssueNo. patient (%)
Open7522 (63.8)
MIE4180 (36.2)
 Thoracoscopy+laparoscopy3219
 Thoracoscopy+laparotomy865
 Thoracotomy+laparoscopy96
Not classified89