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Table 4 Factors associated with knowledge of cervical cancer among high school students

From: Knowledge, attitudes and practices of young people in Zimbabwe on cervical cancer and HPV, current screening methods and vaccination

Factors associated with knowledge of cervical cancer among high school students
High school students* Univariate model Adjusted Odds Ratio (AORs)
Main variable Odds Ratio p AOR p 95% Conf. Interval
parents education Reference grp (University degree**)      
O-levels 2.86 0.007 2.51 0.017 1.28 4.92
Qualification below degree 3.01 0.029 3.13 0.033 1.15 8.49
A-levels 3.18 0.048 3.01 0.069 0.88 10.25
No formal education 3.20 0.351 3.00 0.406 0.13 68.02
Province Reference grp (Harare)      
Mashonaland West 2.28 0.019 2.56 0.005 1.59 4.80
Midlands 1.76 0.052 1.64 0.034 1.06 2.95
Manicaland 1.31 0.280 1.63 0.094 0.89 2.98
Masvingo 1.24 0.374 1.45 0.127 0.86 2.43
Residence Reference grp (High-density)      
Rural 1.36 0.402     
Low-density 0.89 0.565     
age***   1.21 0.494     
drinking alcohol 0.72 0.670     
Gender   1.06 0.900     
  1. *Clustering inherent in the study design was taken into account and regression was done using Stata’s survey (“svy”) module for high school students
  2. **Primary level was combined with University degree since there was no difference between the two levels of education
  3. ***Age as a continuous variable is liner in relation to the logit (Box-Tidwell test p-value = 0.735)
  4. Post regression test, using the Pearson’s goodness-of-fit test was carried out without factoring the complex sample design- Pearson’s GOF p-value = 0.430