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Table 3 Outcomes and respective measures for the assessment of training participants

From: Outcomes and outcome measures used in evaluation of communication training in oncology – a systematic literature review, an expert workshop, and recommendations for future research

Outcome construct Outcome measure Number of studies References
Training evaluation purpose built 25 [14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38]
Communication confidence Baile’s Questionnaire [39] 16 [20, 22, 39, 40]
Fallowfield’s Questionnaire [30]   [30, 41, 42]
modified Communication Outcomes Questionnaire [43]   [39]
purpose built   [16, 23, 26, 28, 30, 33, 40, 44,45,46]
Distress General Health Questionnaire [47] 16 [21, 22]
Maslach Burnout Inventory [48]   [17, 19, 20, 22, 35, 49, 50]
Nursing Stress Scale [51]   [35, 50, 52, 53]
purpose built   [54, 55]
Communication self- effectiveness modified Communication Outcomes Questionnaire [43] 4 [56,57,58]
purpose built   [50]
Attitudes towards cancer Physician Psychosocial Belief Scale [59] 3 [46]
purpose built using a semantic differential [60]   [52, 53]
Communication skills modified Nurses’ Basic Communication Skills Scale [61] 3 [58]
Perception of the Interview Questionnaire [62]   [52]
purpose built   [33]
Implementation of training elements in practice purpose built 3 [28, 29, 46]
Expectations on the consultation modified Communication Outcomes Questionnaire [43] 3 [39, 58]
purpose built   [16]
Satisfaction with consultation given purpose built 3 [16, 52, 56]
Communication practices within the department purpose built 2 [23, 36]
Anxiety State-Trait Anxiety Inventory [63] 1 [56]
Attitudes towards caring Attitudes Towards Caring for Patients Feeling Meaninglessness instrument 1 [34]
Attitudes towards dying Frommelt Attitude Towards Care of the Dying [64] 1 [34]
Attitudes towards clinician-patient-relationship Doctor-Patient rating [65] 1 [25]
Confidence in information provision purpose built [66] 1 [17]
Coping purpose built 1 [36]
Empathy Test of Empathic Capacity [67] 1 [25]
Knowledge purpose built 1 [29]
Patient-centeredness Words emotionally related to dying test [68]a 1 [46]
Perceived support Nurses’ Self-Perceived Support Scale [69] 1 [58]
Clinician-patient relationship Nurse-Patient Relationship Inventory [70]a 1 [50]
Sense of coherence Sense of Coherence-13 [71] 1 [34]
Shared decision-making behaviour Mapping-Q [72] 1 [73]
Social support purpose built 1 [36]
Truth-telling preference Truth Telling Questionnaire [74] 1 [75]
  1. areference could not be retrieved
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