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Table 3 Summary of findings according to GRADE profiler

From: Comparison of overall survival and perioperative outcomes of laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy and open pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Outcome No. of studies Study design Quality assessment Quality Importance
Risk of bias Inconsistency Indirectness Imprecision Other considerations
R0 resection 6 Observational studies Not serious Not serious Not serious Not serious Not serious Low Critical
POPF 5 Observational studies Not serious Not serious Not serious Not serious Not serious Low Critical
Lymph node harvested 4 Observational studies Not serious Not serious Not serious Not serious Not serious Low Critical
Postoperative Hemorrhage 4 Observational studies Not serious Not serious Not serious Not serious Not serious Low Critical
Estimated Blood loss 4 Observational studies Not serious Not serious Not serious Not serious Not serious Low Critical
Length hospital days 5 Observational studies Not serious Not serious Not serious Not serious Not serious Low Critical