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Table 2 Perioperative outcomes and recurrence pattern

From: Comparison of minimally invasive Ivor Lewis esophagectomy and left transthoracic esophagectomy in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients: a propensity score-matched analysis

Characteristica MIILE (n = 216) Sweet (n = 216) p value
Total surgical time(min) 265.5(214~330) 201.0(180~236) < 0.001
Blood loss(ml) 200(150~300) 300(250~400) < 0.001
Blood transfusion, n(%) 14(6.5) 18(8.3) 0.462
Lymphadenectomy, n
 RLN 7(3~10) 3(2~4) < 0.001
 Thoracic 14(9~19) 10(6~14) < 0.001
 Abdominal 10(6~15) 9(5~14) 0.034
Total 31(22~40) 18(12~28) < 0.001
 Initiation of oral intake, d 6(5~7) 9(7~11) < 0.001
Length of stay, d
 Intensive care unit 4(2~6) 3(2~6) 0.629
 Postoperative hospital 13(11~16) 18(16~25) < 0.001
Complications, n(%)
 Anastomotic leak 15/216 (6.9) 16/216(7.4) 0.852
 Esophagotracheal fistula 3/216(1.4) 2/216(0.9) 0.653
 Atrial fibrillation 56/216(25.9) 67/216 (31.0) 0.241
 Pneumonia 80/216(37.0) 104/216(48.1) 0.020
 ARDS 8/216(3.7) 11/216(5.1) 0.481
 Recurrent laryngeal nerve injury 6/216(2.8) 1/216(0.5) 0.057
 Chylothorax 8/216(3.7) 7/216(3.2) 0.793
 Wound infection 11/216(5.1) 13/216(6.0) 0.674
 Ileus 3/216(1.4) 0/216(0.0) 0.248
 Volvulus 1/216(0.5) 0/216(0.0) 1.000
Totalb 110/216(50.9) 148/216(68.5) < 0.001
 Reoperation, n(%) 19(8.8) 17(7.9) 0.728
 Mortality within postoperative-30-day,n 5 6 0.760
Recurrence, n(%)
 Locoregional recurrence 42/89(47.2) 56/95(58.9) 0.108
 Anastomosis site 4/42(9.5) 3/56(5.3) 0.703
 Cervical/supraclavicular- lymph node 4/42(9.5) 9/56(16.1) 0.159
 Mediastinal lymph node 18/42(42.9) 29/56(51.8) 0.089
 Abdominal lymph node 16/42(38.1) 15/56(26.8) 0.852
 Distance recurrence 47/89(52.8) 39/95(41.1) 0.335
 Liver 15/47(31.9) 13/39(33.3) 0.696
 Bone 12/47(25.6) 8/39(20.5) 0.360
 Lung 11/47(23.4) 12/39(30.8) 0.830
 Other sites 9/47(19.1) 6/39(15.4) 0.647
 Multiple sites 9/98(9.2) 6/101(5.9) 0.430
Total 98/216(45.4) 101/216(46.7) 0.772
  1. aData are shown as number (%) and continuous data as mean standard deviation or median (interquartile range)
  2. b81 patients in MIILE and 73 patients in Sweet had two or more than two complications
  3. MIILE Minimally invasive Ivor Lewis esophagectomy
  4. RLN Recurrent laryngeal nerves
  5. ARDS Acute respiratory distress syndrome