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Table 2 Regression analysis of primary outcome measure (Cancer Survivors’ Unmet need – CaSUN [29] ) at 4 and 8 month follow up points by group

From: Follow-up care after treatment for prostate cancer: evaluation of a supported self-management and remote surveillance programme

Outcome (Direction) Subscales (Range)
Assessment Programme group Mean (SD) n = 293 Comparator group Mean (SD) n = 334 Programme– comparator difference (95% CI)a P value Direction favours Programme
CaSUN Strength of need (higher = more need)
 Total score (0 to 140)
  Baseline 24.4 (17.2) n = 288 23.4 (17.7) n = 330    
  4 months 18.3 (15.5) n = 262 20.6 (18.1) n = 296 −2.4 (−4.5, −0.3) n = 524 0.025 YES
  8 months 17.9 (16.2) n = 260 19.7 (18.5) n = 286 −1.7 (−3.7, 0.3) n = 517 0.106 YES
  Change (b-4 m) 4.8 n = 248 1.8 n = 292    
  Change (b-8 m) 5.5 n = 251 3.4 n = 283    
 Existential Survivorship (0 to 56)
  Baseline 4.8 (6.7) n = 290 4.5 (6.3) n = 330    
  4 months 3.4 (5.6) n = 266 4.1 (6.0) n = 300 −0.7 (−1.4, −0.02) n = 533 0.041 YES
  8 months 3.2 (5.6) n = 261 4.0 (6.3) n = 287 −0.6 (−1.3, 0.04) n = 519 0.065 YES
  Change (b-4 m) 0.9 n = 254 0.1 n = 296    
  Change (b-8 m) 1.1 n = 252 0.1 n = 284    
 Comprehensive cancer care (0 to 24)
  Baseline 10.0 (5.5) n = 292 9.3 (5.9) n = 330    
  4 months 8.0 (5.8) n = 262 8.2 (6.1) n = 299 −0.3 (−1.2, 0.4) n = 530 0.39 YES
  8 months 7.7 (5.8) n = 260 7.8 (6.108) n = 287 −0.2 (−1.1, 0.5) n = 521 0.554 YES
  Change (b-4 m) 1.9 n = 252 1.0 n = 295    
  Change (b-8 m) 1.9 n = 253 1.5 n = 284    
 Information (0 to 12)
  Baseline 3.4 (3.0) n = 291 3.5 (3.2) n = 330    
  4 months 2.5 (2.9) n = 263 2.8 (3.0) n = 300 −0.1 (−0.6, 0.2) n = 531 0.462 YES
  8 months 2.4 (2.8) n = 260 2.5 (2.8) n = 292 0.1 (−0.3, 0.5) n = 524 0.627 NO
  Change (b-4 m) 0.8 n = 252 0.6 n = 296    
  Change (b-8 m) 0.8 n = 252 0.9 n = 289    
 Quality of life (0 to 8)
  Baseline 1.3 (1.5) n = 288 1.3 (1.6) n = 329    
  4 months 0.9 (1.4) n = 266 1.1 (1.5) n = 300 −0.1 (−0.4, 0.06) n = 531 0.146 YES
  8 months 0.9 (1.4) n = 259 1.1 (1.5) n = 287 −0.2 (− 0.4, 0.02) n = 517 0.083 YES
  Change (b-4 m) 0.2 n = 253 0.08 n = 295    
  Change (b-8 m) 0.3 n = 250 0.1 n = 284    
 Relationships (0 to 12)
  Baseline 1.7 (2.1) n = 290 1.6 (2.0) n = 331    
  4 months 1.3 (1.9) n = 264 1.5 (2.0) n = 298 −0.1 (− 0.4, 0.1) n = 531 0.283 YES
  8 months 1.2 (1.9) n = 261 1.4 (1.9) n = 289 −0.1 (− 0.4, 0.08) n = 523 0.187 YES
  Change (b-4 m) 0.2 n = 252 0.05 n = 295    
  Change (b-8 m) 0.3 n = 253 0.1 n = 287    
CaSUN Unmet needs (higher = more need)
 Total number of unmet needs (0 to 35)
  Baseline 12.8 (8.2) n = 288 12.1 (8.6) n = 330    
  4 months 10.1 (7.9) n = 262 11.1 (8.8) n = 296 −1.2 (−2.3, −0.2) n = 524 0.02 YES
  8 months 10.0 (8.0) n = 260 10.9 (9.4) n = 286 −0.9 (−2.0, 0.1) n = 517 0.097 YES
  Change (b-4 m) 2.0 n = 248 0.7 n = 292    
  Change (b-8 m) 2.2 n = 251 1.1 n = 283    
 Existential Survivorship (0 to 14)
 Baseline 3.3 (3.7) n = 290 3.1 (3.7) n = 330    
 4 months 2.5 (3.4) n = 266 2.9 (3.6) n = 300 −0.524 (−0.9, −0.07) n = 533 0.022 YES
 8 months 2.3 (3.2) n = 261 2.9 (3.9) n = 287 −0.4 (− 0.8, 0.05) n = 519 0.083 YES
 Change (b-4 m) 0.5 n = 254 0.07 n = 296    
 Change (b-8 m) 0.7 n = 252 0.08 n = 284    
 Comprehensive Cancer Care (0 to 6)
 Baseline 4.2 (1.8) n = 292 3.8 (2.1) n = 330    
 4 months 3.5 (2.1) n = 262 3.5 (2.2) n = 299 −0.1 (−0.4, 0.2) n = 530 0.437 YES
 8 months 3.6 (2.2) n = 260 3.5 (2.3) n = 287 −0.07 (− 0.4, 0.2) n = 521 0.671 YES
 Change (b-4 m) 0.5 n = 252 0.2 n = 295    
 Change (b-8 m) 0.4 n = 253 0.3 n = 284    
 Information (0 to 3)
 Baseline 1.7 (1.3) n = 291 1.6 (1.3) n = 330    
 4 months 1.3 (1.3) n = 263 1.4 (1.3) n = 300 −0.03 (−0.2, 0.1) n = 531 0.78 YES
 8 months 1.3 (1.3) n = 260 1.4 (1.3) n = 292 −0.01 (− 0.2, 0.2) n = 524 0.911 YES
 Change (b-4 m) 0.3 n = 252 0.2 n = 296    
 Change (b-8 m) 0.3 n = 252 0.2 n = 289    
 Quality of life (0 to 2)
 Baseline 0.8 (0.8) n = 288 0.8 (0.8) n = 329    
 4 months 0.6 (0.8) n = 266 0.7 (0.8) n = 300 −0.1 (−0.2, 0.02) n = 531 0.108 YES
 8 months 0.6 (0.8) n = 259 0.7 (0.8) n = 287 −0.1 (− 0.2, 0.00) n = 517 0.064 YES
 Change (b-4 m) 0.1 n = 253 0.05 n = 295    
 Change (b-8 m) 0.1 n = 250 0.04 n = 284    
 Relationships (0 to 3)
 Baseline 1.0 (1.0) n = 290 0.9 (1.0) n = 331    
 4 months 0.7 (1.0) n = 264 0.8 (1.0) n = 298 −0.06 (−0.2, 0.08) n = 531 0.385 YES
 8 months 0.7 (1.0) n = 261 0.8 (1.0) n = 289 −0.08 (− 0.2, 0.06) n = 523 0.263 YES
 Change (b-4 m) 0.1 n = 252 0.07 n = 295    
 Change (b-8 m) 0.1 n = 253 0.09 n = 287    
CaSUN Positive changes in life (higher = better)
 Number of positive changes (0 to 6)
  Baseline 2.0 (1.8) n = 288 1.9 (1.7) n = 331    
  4 months 2.1 (1.9) n = 267 1.8 (1.8) n = 303 0.2 (−0.08, 0.5) n = 535 0.166 YES
  8 months 2.1 (1.8) n = 259 1.6 (1.9) n = 288 0.221 (−0.1, 0.5) n = 517 0.179 YES
  Change (b-4 m) −0.06 n = 252 0.1 n = 300    
  Change (b-8 m) −0.04 n = 250 0.3 n = 284