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Table 2 Multivariable-adjusted prevalence ratios (95% Confidence Interval) for factors associated with late presentation and irregular visits of hepatitis B in patients with newly diagnosed hepatocellular carcinoma

From: Late presentation of hepatitis B among patients with newly diagnosed hepatocellular carcinoma: a national cohort study

  Late presentation PR (95% CI) Irregular visits PR (95% CI)
Sex
 Male 1.45 (0.99, 2.12) 1.09 (0.77, 1.68)
 Female Reference Reference
Age (years)
 ≥ 40 – <  50 1.53 (1.04, 2.26) 1.15 (0.79, 1.68)
 ≥ 50 – <  60 Reference Reference
 ≥ 60 1.36 (0.96, 1.91) 1.26 (0.92, 1.73)
Income percentile
 ≤ 30th 2.01 (1.36, 2.99) 2.35 (1.63, 3.40)
 > 30th – ≤ 70th 1.56 (1.11, 2.18) 1.64 (1.19, 2.25)
 > 70th Reference Reference
Residential area
 Metropolitan Reference Reference
 Rural 1.28 (0.94, 1.74) 1.18 (0.88, 1.58)
  1. Prevalence ratios (PR) were estimated using regular visits as the base group in multinomial logistic regression models adjusted for sex, age (≥ 40 – < 50, ≥ 50 – < 60, and ≥ 60 years), year of HCC diagnosis, income percentile (≤ 30th, > 30th – ≤ 70th, and > 70th), and residential area (metropolitan and rural)