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Table 2 Perioperative outcomes of patients in both groups

From: Three-port single-intercostal versus multiple-intercostal thoracoscopic lobectomy for the treatment of lung cancer: a propensity-matched analysis

  Single intercostal (n = 186) Multi-intercostal (n = 186) p value
Operative time (min) 135.6 (34.0, 130.7–140.9) 165.4 (32.2, 161.0–170.2) < 0.001
Blood loss (mL) a 52 (20–350) 100 (40–500) < 0.001
Conversion 2 (1.1%) 4 (2.2%) 0.681
LN assessment
Total LN removed 25.3 (11.3, 23.7–26.9) 23.8 (9.7, 22.4–25.1) 0.160
Total LN stations removed 6.5 (1.8, 6.2–6.8) 6.7 (1.9, 6.3–6.9) 0.368
Total subcarinal LN removed 6.9 (3.8, 6.4–7.5) 5.2 (3.5, 4.7–5.7) < 0.001
Chest tube removal (26-Fr) (PODs) 1 (0–18) 3 (2–12) < 0.001
Length of stay (days) 6.5 (3.1, 6.1–7.0) 6.3 (3.3, 5.8–6.8) 0.478
Major complications
Chylothorax 2 (1.1%) 1 (0.5%) 1.000
Atelectasis 3 (1.6%) 7 (3.2%) 0.200
Pulmonary embolism 1 (0.5%) 0 (0.0%) 1.000
Empyema 1 (0.5%) 2 (1.1%) 1.000
Reoperation 2 (1.1%) 2 (1.1%) 1.000
Total 9 (4.8%) 12 (6.5%) 0.500
Mortally 0 (0.0%) 1 (0.5%) 1.000
  1. Data are presented as median (range) or mean (SD, 95% confidence interval). LN lymph nodes; PODs postoperative days; a: skewed distribution, Mann-Whitney U test applied
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