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Table 4 Health care costs of the EOL patients by geographical location and type of treatment (N = 792)

From: Geographical disparities in treatment and health care costs for end-of-life cancer patients in China: a retrospective study

Characteristics Urban (N = 195) Rural (N = 597) P - value Life-extending treatment
(N = 379)
Conservative treatment
(N = 413)
P- value Western (N = 162) Central (N = 242) Eastern
(N = 388)
P - value
Health expenditures
 Per capita expenditures, mean (SD), US$ 12,501 (15,711) 5996 (6359) 0.00 10,601 (12,611) 4841 (5550) 0.00 9808 (8.910) 5814 (6372) 7756 (11,948) 0.00
 Including:out-of-pocket 6225 (7221) 3893 (4693) 0.00 5852 (6574) 3196 (3914) 0.00 5063 (5917) 3976 (4656) 4516 (5802) 0.00
 reimbursement 6276 (11,558) 2103 (2972) 0.00 4749 (8768) 1645 (2596) 0.00 4745 (5301) 1838 (2772) 3240 (8270) 0.00
Inpatient health care utilization
 Hospitalization in hospital, No. (%) 179 (91.79) 431 (72.19) 0.00 379 (100) 274 (66.34) 0.00 142 (87.65) 169 (69.83) 299 (77.06) 0.00
 Per capita hospital expenditures, mean (SD), US$ 10,085 (12,384) 4320 (5798) 0.00 8467 (10,397) 3236 (4516) 0.00 8225 (8637) 4086 (5740) 5700 (9223) 0.00
 Including:out-of-pocket 4668 (5696) 2570 (4241) 0.00 4409 (5738) 1873 (3094) 0.00 3978 (5773) 2490 (4045) 3075 (4598) 0.00
 reimbursement 5417 (9025) 1750 (2650) 0.00 4058 (6977) 1363 (2275) 0.00 4247 (5127) 1596 (2489) 2625 (6327) 0.00
 Hospital costs % total health care costs 74.23 67.54 0.00 75.45 61.93 0.00 78.87 65.69 68.05 0.00
  1. US$ Based on a currency exchange rate of the 6.6423 yuan to US$1.00 in 2016.Median and inter-quartile range cost date are available from the authors