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Fig. 1 | BMC Cancer

Fig. 1

From: Low-dose Bacillus Calmette-Guerin versus full-dose for intermediate and high-risk of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer: a Markov model

Fig. 1

Flow diagram of Markov cohort model. Each pane represents a state of health. Straight lines with arrows indicate transition from one state to another while circular arrows stand for patients staying in the same state for more than one cycle. All the patients were supposed to be in the state of tumor free after TUR at the very beginning. Those without disease recurrence transform to the state of no recurrence. Those who experience disease recurrence without worsening of the disease would take another TUR surgery and the following BCG treatment and stay or transform into the state of tumor free after TUR (a), while those with worsening of the disease would take an RC surgery and transform to the state of tumor free after RC (b)

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