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Table 5 Summary of results from multivariable models: statistically significant relationships between higher symptom scores and multiple demographic/clinical variablesa

From: Colorectal cancer survivors: an investigation of symptom burden and influencing factors

Symptom Bivariate Relationships Multivariate Relationships
Abdominal pain ≤54 years
Current stoma
Female gender
Rectal cancer
≤54 years
Rectal cancer
Insomnia Female gender
Current stoma
Female gender
Current stoma
Diarrhoea Rectal cancer
Previous stoma
Rectal cancer
Appetite loss Female gender
Current stoma
Female gender
Current stoma
Buttock pain ≤54 years
Rectal cancer
Previous stoma
≤54 years
Rectal cancer
Previous stoma
Sore skin 55–64 years
Current stoma
Current stoma
Urinary frequency Male gender
≥65 years
≥65 years
Urinary incontinence Rectal cancer
Current stoma
Rectal cancer
Current stoma
  1. aThere were no other significant bivariate or multivariate relationships for all other symptoms