|Stage 1||Repeatedly read each transcript, as a whole||
Obtain a global picture of the interview and become familiar with the interviewee’s verbal style and vocabulary.|
Each new reading of the transcript might also provide new perspectives.
|Stage 2||Code the transcript by making notes corresponding to the fundamental units of meanings.||Pay particular attention to linguistic details and the vocabulary used by the participant, for instance when he/she uses a metaphor to explain or name a phenomenon, in order to make inductive descriptive notes using the participant’s own words.|
|Stage 3||Make conceptual notes through processes of condensation, abstraction, and comparison of the initial notes.||Categorize initial notes and reach a higher level of abstraction.|
Identify initial themes.|
Provide text quotes that illustrate the main ideas of each theme.
|Themes are labels that summarize the essence of a number of related conceptual notes. They are used to capture the experience of the phenomenon under study.|
|Stage 5||Identify recurrent themes across transcripts and produce a coherent ordered table of the themes and sub-themes.||
Move from the particular to the shared across multiple experiences. Recurrent themes reflect a shared understanding of the phenomena among all participants.|
During this more analytic stage, researchers try to make sense of the associations between the themes found.