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Table 1 Subset of breast cancer patients with demographic, diagnostic delays and staging data available; comparing women with and without pregnancy associated breast cancer

From: Pregnancy-associated breast cancer in rural Rwanda: the experience of the Butaro Cancer Center of Excellence

  PABCa
(N = 12)
n (%) unless otherwise noted
Non-PABC
(N = 62)
n (%) unless otherwise noted
p-value
Demographics
Age - Median (IQR) 37 (35,38) 43 (37, 47) 0.006c
 Marital Status
  Married/In relationship 11 (91.7) 32 (51.6) 0.035b
  Widow/Divorced 1 (8.3) 15 (24.2)  
  Single 0 (0) 15 (24.2)  
 Education level
  None 2 (16.7) 12 (19.4) 0.911b
  Primary 6 (50.0) 28 (45.2)  
  Secondary 3 (25.0) 11 (17.7)  
  University 1 (8.3) 11 (17.7)  
 Health insurance status
  Mutuelled 9 (75.0) 46 (74.2) 0.879 b
  RAMAe 3 (25.0) 11 (17.7)  
  Other private 0 3 (4.8)  
  Not applicable 0 2 (3.2)  
 Distance from home to health facility
  Less than 1 h 7 (58.3) 35 (56.5) > 0.999
  1–2 h 3 (25.0) 16 (25.8)  
  More than 2 h 2 (16.7) 11 (17.7)  
Care seeking patterns and clinical presentation
 Healthcare provider visited first (N = 10 for PABC, N = 44 for non-PABC)
  Health center 8 (80.0) 33 (75.0) 0.883b
  Hospital outside Rwanda 0 2 (4.6)  
  Private hospital 2 (20.0) 6 (13.6)  
  Referral hospital 0 3 (6.8)  
 Time between symptom onset and first presentation to a health facility (days)
  Median (IQR) 109 (6.5, 325.5) 139.5 (28, 402) 0.367c
 Time between first presentation at health facility and diagnosis (days)
  Median (IQR) 212 (58.5, 362) 145 (59, 328) 0.907c
 Stage at diagnosis
  Non-metastatic 9 (75.0) 47 (75.8) > 0.999b
  Metastatic 3 (25.0) 14 (22.6)  
  Unknown 0 1 (1.6)  
 Hormone receptor status
  Positive 8 (66.7) 33 (53.2) 0.798 b
  Negative 3 (25.0) 23 (37.1)  
  Unknown 1 (8.3) 6 (9.7)  
 ECOG status
  0 10 (83.3) 41 (66.1) 0.499b
  1 0 10 (16.1)  
  2 1 (8.3) 5 (8.1)  
  3 0 0  
  Unknown 1 (8.3) 6 (9.7)  
  1. aPABC Pregnancy associated breast cancer
  2. bFisher’s exact test
  3. cWilcoxon rank sum test
  4. dGeneral national medical insurance
  5. eRwanda Assurance Maladie – Employed national medical insurance