Skip to main content

Table 4 Frequencies, chi-square analyses, and multivariable logistic regression modelsc, exploring associations with lung cancer screening intentions among current and former smokers

From: Smokers’ interest in a lung cancer screening programme: a national survey in England

  NHS invitationd GP recommendationd Appointment next monthe
Intend % (n) OR 95% CI Intend % (n) OR 95% CI Intend % (n) OR 95% CI
All (n = 642) 91.6 (588) 95.8 (615) 91.9 (590)
Gender
 Female 91.6 (261) 1.00 95.8 (273) 1.00 93.0 (265) 1.00
 Male 91.6 (327) 1.06 0.59–1.90 95.8 (342) 1.01 0.44–2.33 91.0 (325) 0.78 0.42–1.44
Age 1.01 0.97–1.06 0.96 0.89–1.02 0.99 0.94–1.04
Marital status
 Married/Cohabiting 92.8 (347) 1.00 96.5 (361) 1.00 92.8 (347) 1.00
 Single/Divorced/Widowed 89.9 (241) 0.69 0.26–1.24 94.8 (254) 0.60 0.26–1.39 90.7 (243) 0.69 0.37–1.27
Education level
 Degree 88.8 (79) 1.00   96.6 (86) 1.00 94.4 (84) 1.00
 A-levels/further/equivalent 92.9 (130) 1.40 0.54–3.62 96.4 (135) 0.97 0.22–4.26 93.6 (131) 0.86 0.28–2.70
 CSEs/O-levels/equivalent 92.5 (184) 1.55 0.64–3.73 96.5 (192) 1.24 0.31–5.04 91.0 (181) 0.68 0.24–1.93
 No formal qualifications 91.6 (185) 1.35 0.56–3.24 95.0 (192) 1.04 0.27–4.08 92.1 (186) 0.84 0.29–2.42
Cancer experience
 Yes 92.3 (432) 1.00 96.4 (451) 1.00 93.2 (436) 1.00
 No 89.9 (151) 0.67 0.36–1.26 94.0 (158) 0.53 0.23–1.23 88.1 (148) 0.48 0.26–0.89
Smoking status
 Former 93.7 (328) 1.00 98.3 (344)a 1.00 94.0 (329) 1.00
 Current 89.0 (260) 0.67 0.36–1.24 92.8 (271)a 0.24 0.09–0.65 89.4 (261) 0.63 0.33–1.19
Early-stage survival
 Good 94.4 (289) 1.00 98.4 (301)a 1.00 94.4 (289) 1.00
 Fair/Poor 89.4 (279) 0.46 0.24–0.87 93.9 (293)a 0.23 0.08–0.71 90.7 (283) 0.55 0.28–1.06
Early-stage surgery
 Yes definitely/probably 94.3 (512)b 1.00 98.7 (536)b 1.00 95.4 (518)b 1.00
 Definitely/probably not 69.4 (43)b 0.14 0.07–0.28 74.2 (46)b 0.04 0.02–0.12 66.1 (41)b 0.09 0.04–0.20
Lung cancer worry
 Never 90.5 (364) 1.00 95.8 (385) 1.00 90.5 (364) 1.00
 Occasionally to very often 93.7 (223) 1.68 0.88–3.20 96.2 (229) 1.44 0.60–3.46 94.5 (225) 1.80 0.91–3.57
  1. OR odds ratio; 95% CI 95% confidence interval; n totals may not sum due to missing data
  2. aχ2, p < .01; b χ2, p < .001
  3. cadjusted for demographics, cancer experience and smoking status
  4. dpredicting yes definitely/probably vs. probably/definitely not
  5. epredicting very likely/likely vs. very unlikely/unlikely