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Table 3 Frequencies, chi-square analyses, and multivariable logistic regression modelsa, exploring associations between smokers’ perceived chance of quitting, lung cancer beliefs and screening intentions

From: Smokers’ interest in a lung cancer screening programme: a national survey in England

  High quit confidence (reference) Low quit confidence
% (n) OR % (n) OR 95% CI
A diagnosis of cancer is a death sentence
 Strongly/tend to agree (vs. strongly/tend to disagree) 25.5 (26) 1.00 28.2 (48) 1.23 0.68–2.24
A diagnosis of lung cancer is a death sentence      
 Strongly/tend to agree (vs. strongly/tend to disagree) 50.0 (50) 1.00 53.8 (93) 1.14 0.68–1.92
If lung cancer is detected early, what is the person’s chance of surviving?      
 Good (vs. fair/poor) 51.9 (54) 1.00 37.3 (66) 0.48 0.29–0.82
If the screening test found that you had early-stage lung cancer, would you want to have the recommended surgery?      
 Yes definitely/probably (vs. definitely/probably not) 88.0 (88) 1.00 81.3 (143) 0.58 0.27–1.24
Do you think that lung cancer screening is a good idea?      
 Yes (vs. no) 96.3 (103) 1.00 96.8 (180) 1.11 0.29–4.20
Do you think that offering screening to smokers is a waste of NHS money?      
 Yes (vs. no) 10.4 (11) 1.00 16.1 (30) 1.62 0.76–3.47
How often do you worry about your chance of getting lung cancer?      
 Very often to occasionally (vs. never) 48.6 (52) 1.00 47.6 (90) 0.92 0.56–1.51
Would a clear CT scan reassure you? b      
 Yes (vs. no) 92.2 (47) 1.00 87.6 (78) 0.48 0.13–1.84
NHS invitation      
 Yes definitely/probably (vs. definitely/probably not) 93.2 (96) 1.00 86.4 (159) 0.55 0.22–1.37
GP recommendation      
 Yes definitely/probably (vs. definitely/probably not) 94.3 (99) 1.00 92.0 (172) 0.82 0.29–2.29
Appointment next month      
 Very likely/likely (vs. very unlikely/unlikely) 94.2 (98) 1.00 86.6 (161) 0.46 0.18–1.21
  1. OR odds ratio; 95% CI 95% confidence interval
  2. aadjusted for demographics and cancer experience
  3. basked of the subsample of participants reporting lung cancer worry (n = 142)