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Table 2 Frequencies, chi-square analyses and multivariable logistic regression modelsc, testing the associations between smoking status, beliefs and worry

From: Smokers’ interest in a lung cancer screening programme: a national survey in England

  All (n = 1445) Former smokers (reference) Current smokers Never smokers
% (n) % (n) OR % (n) OR 95% CI % (n) OR 95% CI
A diagnosis of cancer is a death sentence          
 Strongly/tend to agree (vs. strongly/tend to disagree) 20.5 (257) 16.9a (53) 1.00 26.8a (75) 1.50 0.97–2.29 19.6a (129) 1.29 0.88–1.90
A diagnosis of lung cancer is a death sentence          
 Strongly/tend to agree (vs. strongly/tend to disagree) 47.6 (582) 46.3 (138) 1.00 53.2 (149) 1.25 0.89–1.76 45.7 (295) 1.01 0.76–1.35
If lung cancer is detected early, what is the person’s chance of surviving?          
 Good (vs. fair/poor) 50.8 (689) 53.4 (189) 1.00 43.0 (125) 0.64 0.46–0.88 52.7 (375) 0.95 0.73–1.24
If the screening test found that you had early-stage lung cancer, would you want to have the recommended surgery?          
 Yes definitely/probably (vs. definitely/probably not) 91.5 (1209) 93.9b (321) 1.00 84.3b (242) 0.38 0.21–0.68 93.4b (646) 0.99 0.56–1.75
Do you think that lung cancer screening is a good idea?          
 Yes (vs. no) 97.1 (1354) 97.8 (352) 1.00 96.7 (294) 0.67 0.25–1.77 97.0 (708) 1.10 0.46–2.63
Do you think that offering screening to smokers is a waste of NHS money?          
 Yes (vs. no) 20.7 (281) 23.9a (84) 1.00 14.2a (43) 0.45 0.29–0.69 21.9a (154) 0.92 0.67–1.27
How often do you worry about your chance of getting lung cancer?          
 Very often to occasionally (vs. never) 30.6 (429) 28.7b (104) 1.00 47.9b (147) 2.38 1.70–3.33 24.4b (178) 0.81 0.60–1.10
Would a clear CT scan reassure you? d          
 Yes (vs. no) 90.0 (385) 94.2 (97) 1.00 89.7 (130) 0.66 0.24–1.84 87.8 (158) 0.75 0.27–2.05
  1. OR odds ratio, 95% CI 95% confidence interval; n totals may not sum due to missing data
  2. aχ2, p < .01, b χ2, p < .001
  3. cadjusted for demographics and cancer experience
  4. dasked of the subsample of participants reporting lung cancer worry (n = 429)