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Table 3 Univariable and Multivariable analysis of factors associated with ECE/SVI

From: Predictors of adverse pathologic features after radical prostatectomy in low-risk prostate cancer

  Univariable   Multivariable  
HR (95% CI) p Value HR (95% CI) p Value
Age 1.00 (0.98–1.03) 0.77   
BMI 1.03 (0.96–1.10) 0.40   
Type of operation
 Open 1(ref)    
 Robotic 1.47 (0.98–2.20) 0.07   
Prostate volume measured by TRUS 0.99 (0.98–1.00) 0.21   
PSA 1.24 (1.12–1.36) < 0.01 1.21 (1.10–1.33) < 0.01
Number of positive biopsy core 1.40 (1.25–1.58) < 0.01 1.38 (1.23–1.56) < 0.01
Percentage of positive biopsy core 1.04 (1.02–1.05) < 0.01 1.01 (0.98–1.04) 0.48
Maximal percentage in each positive core 1.02 (1.01–1.02) < 0.01 1.01 (1.00–1.02) 0.13
  1. BMI=Body mass index; ECE = Extracapsular extension; PSA = Prostate specific antigen; SVI=Seminal vesicle invasion; TRUS = Transrectal ultrasonography;