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Table 4 Association between hypopharyngeal and laryngeal cancers and exposure to combinations of petroleum-based solvents

From: Occupational exposure to petroleum-based and oxygenated solvents and hypopharyngeal and laryngeal cancer in France: the ICARE study

Exposure to petroleum-based solvents Controls n = 2536 Hypopharynx n = 313 Larynx n = 396
n n ORa [95% CI] n ORa [95% CI]
None 1231 95 1 143 1
White spirits 316 46 1.40 [0.85–2.32] 55 0.98 [0.63–1.51]
Diesel 90 9 0.92 [0.41–2.11] 23 1.62 [0.89–2.96]
Ben, WS 74 19 1.55 [0.79–3.03] 26 1.27 [0.70–2.29]
WS, Diesel 242 44 1.47 [0.88–2.45] 46 0.90 [0.57–1.43]
Ben, SPP, WS 86 10 1.07 [0.47–2.45] 7 0.41 [0.17–1.00[
Gasoline, WS, Diesel 95 20 1.48 [0.75–2.90] 20 0.93 [0.50–1.73]
Ben, Gasoline, WS, Diesel 233 41 1.27 [0.75–2.15] 44 0.86 [0.54–1.39]
All petroleum-based solvents 55 15 2.12 [0.98–4.61] 14 1.28 [0.60–2.71]
  1. Abbreviations: WS white spirits, diesel diesel, fuels and kerosene, ben benzene, SPP special petroleum products
  2. aOR adjusted for age at interview, residence area, alcohol consumption, smoking status, frequency and duration of smoking, exposure to asbestos