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Table 8 Average daily dietary values during the 12-week intervention for all groups

From: Impact of resistance training on body composition and metabolic syndrome variables during androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer: a pilot randomized controlled trial

  Baseline Weeks 1–12
     TRAIN*PRO EXE vs. NoEXE PRO vs. NoPRO
Outcome n Mean ± SD n Mean ± SD P Group difference in mean change (95% CI) P * Group difference in mean change (95% CI) P **
Protein (gday− 1)     0.04 4.6 (−9.0, 18.1) 0.49 13.0 (0.1, 25.9) 0.048
 TRAINPRO 8 93.9 ± 34.3 6 118.1 ± 30.2      
 TRAIN 8 74.2 ± 15.6 7 83.1 ± 13.9      
 PRO 10 85.5 ± 44.4 10 99.5 ± 38.6      
 STRETCH 9 76.5 ± 30.6 9 87.8 ± 33.7      
Protein (g ·kg−1·day−1)    0.14 0.0 (−0.2, 0.2) 0.77 0.4 (0.1, 0.7) 0.01
 TRAINPRO 8 1.1 ± 0.5 6 1.4 ± 0.5      
 TRAIN 8 1.1 ± 0.7 7 1.2 ± 0.6      
 PRO 10 0.9 ± 0.2 10 1.0 ± 0.2      
 STRETCH 9 1.0 ± 0.3 9 1.1 ± 0.6      
Carbohydrates (gday−1)    0.12 37.4 (−1.8, 76.6) 0.06 −5.6 (−44.4, 33.2) 0.77
 TRAINPRO 8 239.3 ± 78.6 6 217.8 ± 74.1      
 TRAIN 8 222.0 ± 94.8 7 243.1 ± 30.4      
 PRO 10 190.2 ± 65.2 10 184.6 ± 73.5      
 STRETCH 9 184.6 ± 57.4 9 162.0 ± 38.8      
Total fat (gday−1)    0.82 5.1 (−7.9, 18.1) 0.43 −5.9 (−18.6, 6.8) 0.35
 TRAINPRO 8 70.8 ± 55.4 6 77.8 ± 53.4      
 TRAIN 8 78.7 ± 27.6 7 77.4 ± 16.3      
 PRO 10 71.1 ± 19.1 10 63.1 ± 23.5      
 STRETCH 9 53.5 ± 12.9 9 61.1 ± 17.2      
Total energy (kcalday−1)    0.73 107.0 (−85.4, 299.4) 0.27 −24.2 (− 251.1, 202.6) 0.83
 TRAINPRO 8 1976 ± 708 6 2062 ± 753      
 TRAIN 8 1866 ± 636 7 1988 ± 193      
 PRO 10 1784 ± 447 10 1778 ± 479      
 STRETCH 9 1561 ± 284 9 1624 ± 330      
  1. Data presented as mean ± standard deviation. P, significance level; EXE, exercise groups (TRAINPRO and TRAIN); NoEXE, non-exercise groups (PRO and STRETCH); PRO, protein supplementation groups (TRAINPRO and PRO); NoPRO, non-protein supplementation groups (TRAIN and STRETCH)
  2. Interaction effect of (TRAIN*PRO)
  3. *Main effect of EXE adjusted for baseline values
  4. **Main effect of PRO adjusted for baseline values