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Table 1 Responses to questions about anticipated patient intervals and symptom awareness and how they were classified

From: Negative cancer beliefs, recognition of cancer symptoms and anticipated time to help-seeking: an international cancer benchmarking partnership (ICBP) study

Dependent variables: Anticipated patient intervals
  How long would it take you to go to the doctor from the first time you noticed a persistent cough? How long would it take you to go to the doctor from the first time you noticed rectal bleeding?
Response categories: N (%) Classification N (%) Classification
I would go as soon as I noticed 2669 (12.8) Short pt. interval 12,617 (60.6) Short pt. interval
Up to 1 week 3750 (18.0) Short pt. interval 5017 (24.1) Short pt. interval
Over 1 up to 2 weeks 4029 (19.4) Short pt. interval 1323 (6.4) Long pt. interval
Over 2 up to 3 weeks 3001 (14.4) Short pt. interval 518 (2.5) Long pt. interval
Over 3 up to 4 weeks 2557 (12.3) Short pt. interval 357 (1.7) Long pt. interval
More than a month 3267 (15.7) Long pt. interval 488 (2.3) Long pt. interval
I would not contact a/my doctor 844 (4.1) Long pt. interval 171 (0.8) Long pt. interval
I would go to another HCP 320 (1.5) Missing 141 (0.7) Missing
Don’t know 355 (1.7) Missing 164 (0.8) Missing
Don’t want to answer 22 (0.1) Missing 18 (0.1) Missing
Independent variables: Recognition of symptoms as cancer symptoms
  Do you think persistent cough or hoarseness could be a warning sign for cancer? Do you think unexplained bleeding could be a warning sign for cancer?
Response categories: N (%) Classification N (%) Classification
Yes 15,155 (72.8) Recognition 18,187 (87.4) Recognition
No 4951 (23.8) Non-recognition 2018 (9.7) Non-recognition
Don’t know 693 (3.3) Missing 598 (2.9) Missing
Don’t want to answer 15 (7.2) Missing 11 (0.0) Missing
Independent variable/moderator: Negative cancer beliefs (NCBs)
Answers classified as NCBs are highlighted in bold.
The answers “don’t know” and “don’t want to answer” were classified as missing.
  Strongly disagree or tend to disagree Strongly agree or tend to agree Don’t know or refused
  N (%) N (%) N (%)
People with cancer can expect to continue with normal activities 1936 (9.3) 18,187 (87.4) 691 (3.3)
Cancer can often be cured 1853 (8.9) 18,502 (88.9) 459 (2.2)
Going to the doctor as quickly as possible after noticing a symptom of cancer could increase the chances of surviving 394 (1.9) 20,310 (97.6) 110 (0.5)
Cancer treatment is worse than the cancer itself 7196 (34.6) 11,082 (53.2) 2536 (12.2)
I would not want to know if I have cancer 18,004 (86.5) 2337 (11.2) 473 (2.3)
A diagnosis of cancer is a death sentence 14,995 (72.0) 5110 (24.6) 709 (3.4)
  1. HCP = Healthcare professional; pt. = patient