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Table 1 Characteristics of the control, IPMN, and PC groups

From: An elevated expression of serum exosomal microRNA-191, − 21, −451a of pancreatic neoplasm is considered to be efficient diagnostic marker

Characteristic Control IPMN PC
Total, n 22 29 32
Sex, n (%) Female 8 (36.4) 16 (55.2) 15 (46.9)
Male 14 (63.6) 13 (44.8) 17 (53.1)
Age (mean ± SD) 57.5 ± 15.3 73.8 ± 7.8 64.0 ± 10.1
Stage (UICC)
I / Ila / llb / III / IV
2 / 7 / 4 / 5 / 14
Fukuoka criteria
FN / WF / HRS
14 / 11 / 4
Clinical information GBP 4   
Chronic gastritis 3
Gallbladder stone 2
ADM 2
Liver cyst 1
IBS 1
Accessory spleen 1
Only symptom 7
  1. SD standard deviation, IPMN intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm, PC pancreatic cancer, FN Fukuoka negative, WF worry-some Feature, HRS high-risk stigmata, GBP gallbladder cholesterol polyp, ADM adenomyomatosis, IBS irritable bowel syndrome