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Table 3 Hazard ratio (HR) of incident colorectal- and colon cancer associated with blood glucose for men and women in the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study cardiovascular cohort

From: High blood glucose levels are associated with higher risk of colon cancer in men: a cohort study

  Colorectal cancer
nmen = 1992 nwomen = 2981
Colon cancer
nmen = 1958 nwomen = 2888
   Crude model Full model   Crude model Full model
Quartiles of glucose Min-max (mIU/l) Cases/person-years HR 95% CI HR 95% CI Cases/person-years HR 95% CI HR 95% CI
Men            
 1 3.3–4.5 5/4400 1.00   1.00   2/4358 1.00   1.00  
 2 4.6–4.8 10/7276 1.28 0.57, 2.90 1.25 0.55, 2.85 4/7216 2.05 0.50, 7.01 1.95 0.57, 6.70
 3 4.9–5.2 16/9835 2.10 0.99, 4.45 2.03 0.95, 4.32 9/9767 2.28 0.67, 7.79 2–08 0.60, 7.17
 4 5.3–16.8 40/10853 3.08 1.54, 6.15 2.80 1.37, 5.70 22/19679 5.40 1.84, 15.87 4.23 1.46, 13.44
p for trend    <0.001   0.001    0.001   0.002  
Women            
 1 3.4–4.5 20/13981 1.00   1.00   12/13888 1.00   1.00  
 2 4.6–4.8 20/14048 1.24 0.64, 2.38 1.21 0.62, 2.34 9/13977 0.77 0.29, 2.05 0.73 0.27, 1.96
 3 4.9–5.2 18/12553 0.89 0.47, 1.66 0.82 0.44, 1.55 13/12510 1.08 0.50, 2.34 0.96 0.45, 2.09
 4 5.3–12.2 16/8834 1.16 0.62, 2.17 1.02 0.53, 1.95 10/8797 1.22 0.54, 2.71 1.01 0.44, 2.34
    0.908   0.739    0.562   0.878  
  1. Full model: Calculated with the Cox proportional hazard regression model. Adjusted for age (quartiles of age), BMI (≤ 25 kg/m2, > 25 kg/m2), and smoking (current, ex or never)
  2. Values are quartile ranges, hazard ratios (HR), and 95% confidence intervals (CI)