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Table 1 Characteristic in patients with and without cancer, P-value representing a test for difference

From: Characteristics and outcome in patients with non-specific symptoms and signs of cancer referred to a fast track cancer patient pathway; a retrospective cohort study

Variable All Cancera No-cancera P-value
% (N) 100 (825) 16.7 (138) 83.3 (687)  
Referred by
 General practice 75.4 (605) 74.6 (97) 75.6 (508) 0.851
 Hospital department 20.1 (161) 21.5 (28) 19.8 (133)  
 Other 4.5 (36) 3.8 (5) 4.6 (31)  
Gender
 Male 47.4 (391) 44.2 (61) 48.0 (330) 0.411
Age
 median (IQR) 67 (55–75) 69 (62–76) 67 (53–74) 0.003
Groups
 18–39 years 7.5 (62) 3.6 (5) 8.3 (57) 0.050
 40–54 years 17.1 (141) 10.9 (15) 18.3 (126)  
 55–69 years 33.0 (272) 36.2 (50) 32.3 (222)  
 70–79 years 31.0 (256) 36.2 (50) 30.0 (206)  
  ≥ 80 years 11.4 (94) 13.0 (18) 11.1 (76)  
Body mass index
 median (IQR) 24.3 (21.7–28.0) 23.4 (21.9–26.8) 24.5 (21.7–28.1) 0.317
Smoking status
 Never 34.2 (271) 29.6 (40) 35.1 (231) 0.222
 Former/current 65.8 (522) 70.4 (95) 64.9 (427)  
 Package years median (IQR)b 25 (15–40) 30 (14–40) 25 (15–40) 0.818
Alcohol consumption per week
 Units per week, median (IQR)c 5 (0–14) 7 (0–14) 4 (0–14) 0.378
 Alcohol consumption above recommendationsd 9.5(69) 11.3 (13) 9.1 (56) 0.466
Chronic diseases at first visit
 Lung disease 13.3 (110) 10.1 (14) 14.0 (96) 0.227
 Cardiovascular diseases 15.6 (129) 11.6 (16) 16.4 (113) 0.152
 Cerebrovascular diseases 10.8 (89) 12.3 (17) 10.5 (72) 0.525
 Diabetes 11.6 (96) 8.7 (12) 12.2 (84) 0.238
 Inflammatory diseases 11.9 (98) 7.2 (10) 12.8 (88) 0.065
 Renal failure 4.1 (34) 2.2 (3) 4.5 (31) 0.207
 Peptic ulcer 3.2 (26) 3.6 (5) 3.1 (21) 0.788
 Cirrhosis 0.4 (3) 0.7 (1) 0.3 (2) 0.423
 Dementia 1.8 (15) 0 2.2 (15) 0.152
 Previously diagnosed cancer 12.2 (101) 21.7 (30) 10.3 (71) <0.001
Number of chronic diseases
 0 46.3 (382) 44.9 (62) 46.6 (320) 0.054
 1–2 46.3(382) 52.2 (72) 45.1 (310)  
  ≥ 3 7.4 (61) 2.9 (4) 8.3 (57)  
  1. Data presented as percentages (counts) unless otherwise indicated. Chi square-test or Fishers exact test for 2 × 2 tables, Students T-test for normally distributed data, otherwise Wilcoxon’s Rank Sum Test. aCancer or no-cancer within one year after ended investigational course. bIn current or former smokers only. cOne unit = 15 ml of alcohol. dRecommendations = national guidelines. Less than 5% missing values in every variable except for Body Mass Index (32.5%), Package years (12.8%) and alcohol consumption (11.8%)