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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of REGARDS participants by race (N = 25,038)

From: Metabolic dysregulation and cancer mortality in a national cohort of blacks and whites

  Black (N = 9822) White (N = 15,216) p valuea
Ageb 63.8 (9.3) 65.3 (9.4) <0.01
Male Gender (%) 3721 (37.9) 7588 (49.9) <0.01
≤ High School Education (%) 1864 (19.0) 1086 (7.1) <0.01
≤ $20,000 Income (%) 2511 (25.6) 1796 (11.8) <0.01
High WC/ Obesity
 Weight (kg)b 87.7 (20.1) 82.4 (18.9) <0.01
 Height (in.)b 66.4 (4.3) 67.0 (4.0) <0.01
 WC (cm)b 97.9 (15.2) 94.8 (15.5) <0.01
 BMIb 30.7 (6.7) 28.3 (5.6) <0.01
Elevated Triglycerides
 Triglycerides (mg/dL)c 95.0 (72.0–130.0) 122.0 (88.0–174.0) <0.01
 Total Cholesterol (mg/dL)b 193.3 (40.9) 192.0 (39.5) 0.01
 LDL-Cholesterol (mg/dL)c 115.0 (92.0–140.0) 110.0 (89.0–134.0) <0.01
 Dyslipidemia (%) 5325 (54.6) 9294 (61.5) <0.01
Reduced HDL Cholesterol
 HDL-Cholesterol (mg/dL)b 53.7 (16.0) 50.8 (16.1) <0.01
Elevated Blood Pressure
 DBP (mmHg)b 78.6 (10.1) 75.2 (9.2) <0.01
 SBP (mmHg)b 130.7 (17.3) 125.4 (15.9) <0.01
 Hypertension (%) 6965 (71.0) 7638 (50.3) <0.01
Elevated Fasting Glucose
 Insulin (uU/mL)c 10.9 (6.8–17.2) 8.8 (5.6–13.8) <0.01
 Fasting glucose (mg/dL)b 107.0 (38.9) 99.4 (26.9) <0.01
 Diabetes (%) 2873 (29.4) 2460 (16.2) <0.01
Metabolic Components d(%)
 0 642 (6.5) 2193 (14.4) <0.01
 1 1910 (19.5) 3577 (23.5)  
 2 2774 (28.2) 3532 (23.2)  
 3 2615 (26.6) 2897 (19.0)  
 4 1482 (15.1) 2041 (13.4)  
 5 399 (4.1) 976 (6.4)  
  1. aSignificance determined using Chi-square test for categorical, ANOVA for continuous, or Kruskal-Wallis test for non-parametric continuous variables
  2. bPresented as mean (standard deviation) for normal continuous characteristics
  3. cPresented as median (interquartile range) for non-parametric continuous characteristics
  4. dMetabolic components are high waist circumference (WC), elevated triglycerides, reduced HDL cholesterol, elevated blood pressure, and elevated fasting glucose
  5. BMI Body Mass Index, HDL high-density lipoprotein, LDL low-density lipoprotein, DBP diastolic blood pressure, SBP systolic blood pressure