Skip to main content

Table 1 Patient Demographics- all study patients

From: Thoracoscopic and hand assisted laparoscopic esophagectomy with radical lymph node dissection for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in the left lateral decubitus position: a single center retrospective analysis of 654 patients

  All number (n = 654) (%) Early (n = 289) Late (n = 365) p
Age, mean (SD) 64.9 64.9 (9.5) 66.3 (9.0) 0.03
Male, n (%) 539 (82.4) 239 (82.7) 300 (82.2)  
Tumor location     0.01
 Cervical, n (%) 14 (2.1) 7 (2.4) 7 (1.9)  
 Upper, n (%) 76 (12) 40 (14) 36 (9.9)  
 Middle, n (%) 344 (53) 131 (45) 213 (58)  
 Lower, n (%) 197 (30) 100 (35) 97 (27)  
 Abdominal, n (%) 23 (3.5) 11 (3.8) 12 (3.3)  
Histologic findings     0.05
 Squamous cell carcinoma, n (%) 616 (94) 271 (94) 345 (95)  
 Adenocarcinoma, n (%) 14 (2.1) 4 (1.4) 10 (2.7)  
 Adenosquamous carcinoma, n (%) 7 (1.1) 2 (0.7) 5 (1.4)  
 Carcinosarcoma, n (%) 6 (0.9) 1 (0.3) 5 (1.4)  
 Basaloid cell carcinoma, n (%) 5 (0.8) 4 (1.4) 1 (0.3)  
 Small cell carcinoma, n (%) 4 (0.6) 4 (1.4) 0 (0)  
 Neuroendocrine cell carcinoma, n (%) 1 (0.2) 0 (0) 1 (0.3)  
 Malignant melanoma, n (%) 1 (0.2) 0 (0) 1 (0.3)  
pTNM Stage     0.00
 Stage IA, n (%) 215 (33) 68 (24) 147 (40)  
 Stage IB, n (%) 27 (4.1) 12 (4.2) 15 (4.1)  
 Stage IIA, n (%) 72 (11) 43 (15) 29 (7.9)  
 Stage IIB, n (%) 73 (11) 29 (10) 44 (12)  
 Stage IIIA, n (%) 99 (15) 45 (16) 54 (15)  
 Stage IIIB, n (%) 57 (8.7) 30 (10) 27 (7.4)  
 Stage IIIC, n (%) 49 (7.5) 27 (9.3) 22 (6.0)  
 Stage IV, n (%) 62 (9.5) 35 (12) 27 (7.4)  
Neoadjuvant therapy     <0.001
 None, n (%) 185 (28) 151 (52) 34 (9.3)  
 Chemotherapy, n (%) 337 (52) 39 (13) 298 (82)  
 Chemo-radiation, n (%) 129 (20) 97 (34) 32 (8.8)  
 Radiation, n (%) 3 (0.5) 2 (0.7) 1 (0.3)  
Pleural adhesions     0.71
 Yes, n (%) 206 (32) 88 (30) 118 (32)  
 No, n (%) 448 (69) 201 (70) 247 (68)  
Number of Lymphadenectomy Fields     0.64
 Two, n (%) 448 (69) 201 (70) 247 (68)  
 Three, n (%) 206 (32) 88 (30) 118 (32)  
Abdominal Procedure     <0.001
 Hand Assisted Laparoscopic Surgery, n (%) 558 (85) 205 (71) 353 (97)  
 Laparotomy, n (%) 96 (15) 84 (29) 12 (3.3)  
Reconstruction Conduit     0.01
 Gastric tube, n (%) 621 (95) 272 (94) 349 (96)  
 Right colon, n (%) 22 (3.4) 7 (2.4) 15 (4.1)  
 Jejunum, n (%) 9 (1.4) 8 (2.8) 1 (0.3)  
 Ileum, n (%) 2 (0.3) 2 (0.7) 0 (0)  
Reconstruction Route     0.01
 Retrosternal, n (%) 641 (98) 280 (97) 361 (99)  
 Posterior mediastinal, n (%) 13 (2.0) 9 (3.1) 4 (1.1)  
Anastomosis Site     0.02
 Cervical, n (%) 640 (98) 277 (96) 363 (99)  
 Intrathoracic, n (%) 14 (2.1) 12 (4.2) 2 (0.5)  
Conversion to thoracotomy, n (%) 3 (0.5) 1 (0.3) 2 (0.5) 0.70
  1. SD: Standard deviation