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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the participants (n = 63)

From: The feasibility and benefit of a brief psychosocial intervention in addition to early palliative care in patients with advanced cancer to reduce depressive symptoms: a pilot randomized controlled clinical trial

  Arm A (n = 19) Arm B (n = 22) Arm C (n = 22)
Age, mean (SD), years 49.1 (11.1) 52.7 (10.2) 57.0 (11.8)
Female, n (%) 13 (68.4) 14 (62.6) 14 (63.6)
Marital status, n (%)
 Single 4 (21.1) 5 (22.7) 0 (0)
 Married 12 (63.2) 11 (50.0) 14 (63.6)
 Stable union 1 (5.3) 2 (9.1) 2 (9.1)
 Widower 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (9.1)
 Divorced 2 (10.5) 3 (13.6) 2 (9.1)
 Other 0 (0) 1 (4.5) 2 (9.1)
Ethnicity, n (%)
 White 12 (63.2) 10 (45.5) 15 (68.2)
 Black 3 (15.8) 8 (36.4) 2 (9.1)
 Asian 0 (0) 3 (13.6) 1 (4.5)
 Brown skin 4 (21.1) 1 (4.5) 4 (18.2)
Religion, n (%)
 Catholic 6 (31.6) 15 (68.2) 15 (68.2)
 Evangelical 10 (52.6) 6 (27.3) 6 (27.3)
 Jehovah’s Witness 1 (5.3) 1 (4.5) 0 (0)
 Kardecist spiritualism 2 (10.5) 0 (0) 1 (4.5)
Low educational levela, n (%)
 Low 11 (57.9) 10 (45.5) 12 (54.5)
Professional status, n (%)
 Active 8 (42.1) 8 (36.4) 12 (54.5)
Diagnosis, n (%)
 Breast 6 (31.6) 6 (27.3) 6 (27.3)
 Colon and rectum 4 (21.1) 1 (4.5) 2 (9.1)
 Prostate 0 (0) 1 (4.5) 1(4.5)
 Lung 2 (10.5) 2 (9.1) 3 (13.6)
 Head and neck 1 (5.3) 2 (9.1) 1 (4.5)
 Cervix 2 (10.5) 4 (18.2) 3 (13.6)
 Stomach 1 (5.3) 3 (13.6) 2 (9.1)
 Other 3 (15.8) 3 (13.6) 4 (18.2)
HADS-A, mean (SD) 5.79 (3.92) 7.14 (3.41) 6.27 (4.84)
HADS-D, mean (SD) 5.11 (4.51) 7.14 (4.12) 7.18 (4.92)
PHQ-9, mean (SD) 9.7 (6.5) 10.3 (6.0) 9.8 (6.5)
EORTC / Global health, mean (SD) 76.3 (17.0) 72.7 (25.5) 66.7 (29.5)
EORTC / emotional functioning, mean (SD) 70.2 (32.8) 73.5 (21.6) 76.5 (30.7)
  1. Legend: SD standard deviation. aIlliterate / reads and writes / incomplete elementary