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Table 5 Cost per QALY gained for men with low risk localised prostate cancer

From: The cost-effectiveness of active surveillance compared to watchful waiting and radical prostatectomy for low risk localised prostate cancer

Age (years) Life-time outcome Watchful waiting Active surveillance Radical prostatectomy Incremental analysis
45 Cost (NZ$) $15,884 $23,396 $22,316 RP vs WW: $6,432 per QALY;
Effectiveness (QALYs) 15.43 16.34 16.43 AS was dominated by RP
50 Cost (NZ$) $14,192 $21,115 $20,991 RP vs WW: $7,906 per QALY;
Effectiveness (QALYs) 14.49 15.24 15.35 AS was dominated by RP
55 Cost (NZ$) $12,258 $18,484 $19,612 RP vs WW: $10,358 per QALY; AS was extended dominated by WW and
RP (AS vs WW: $10,377 per QALY; RP vs AS: $10,255 per QALY)
Effectiveness (QALYs) 13.37 13.97 14.08  
60 Cost (NZ$) $10,113 $15,461 $18,254 AS vs WW: $12,155 per QALY;
Effectiveness (QALYs) 12.08 12.52 12.65 RP vs AS: $21,485 per QALY
65 Cost (NZ$) $7,843 $11,998 $16,972 AS vs WW: $14,839 per QALY;
Effectiveness (QALYs) 10.62 10.90 11.05 RP vs AS: $33,160 per QALY
70 Cost (NZ$) $5,560 $7,976 $15,821 AS vs WW: $17,257 per QALY;
Effectiveness (QALYs) 9.03 9.17 9.35 RP vs AS: $43,583 per QALY
  1. RP radical prostatectomy, AS active surveillance, WW watchful waiting