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Table 5 Examples of adaptations in theoretical methods, practical strategies and tools used in Active Plus and OncoActive

From: Development of a computer-tailored physical activity intervention for prostate and colorectal cancer patients and survivors: OncoActive

Personal determinant Theoretical method Practical strategy Tools
Active plus OncoActive
Awareness Self-monitoring Encourage monitoring of own behavior Self-complete logbooks to monitor own PA behavior in last week. Using a pedometer to monitor own PA behavior. (added)
Knowledge Tailored feedback and information delivery Provide tailored feedback about PA recommendations, PA benefits and PA possibilities Computer-tailored feedback in text about PA recommendations, health benefits of sufficient PA and PA possibilities (recreational, daily PA) Computer-tailored feedback about cancer-specific PA recommendations, health benefits and possibilities. (added)
Attitude Feedback and argumentation Provide personal feedback and arguments about pros and cons Computer-tailored feedback in text on perceived positive and negative consequen-ces of PA. New argu-ments to change opi-nions are provided in text. Computer-tailored feedback in text on perceived cancer-specific positive and negative consequences of PA. (added)
  Reinforcement Provide ipsative feedback on changes in attitude: evaluation of changes Computer-tailored feedback in text on positive changes in attitude towards PA at follow-up. Computer-tailored feedback in text on cancer-specific changes in attitude towards PA at follow-up. (added)
Self-efficacy Feedback and argumentation Provide personal feedback and new arguments on self-efficacy Computer-tailored feedback in text on difficult situations. New arguments to cope with these situations are provided. Computer-tailored feedback in text on cancer-specific difficult situations and physical complaints. New arguments to cope with these situations. (added)
  Reinforcement Provide ipsative feedback on changes in self-efficacy: evaluation of changes Computer-tailored feedback in text on positive changes in perceptions of difficult situations at follow-up. Computer-tailored feedback in text on cancer-specific positive changes in perceptions of difficult situations at follow-up. (added)
  Social modelling Provide role model stories about difficult situations and how to cope Picture/Video of similar others (same age and sex) with quotes about a similar perceived difficult situation and how the role model coped. Picture/video of similar others (prostate or colorectal cancer survivor) with quotes about cancer-specific difficult situations and how the role model coped. (altered)
Action planning Goal setting Encourage to set PA behavior goals Computer-tailored feedback in text about setting goals to be physically active for an extra number of minutes per week. Computer-tailored feedback in text about setting goals to increase or maintain PA using a (provided) pedometer. (added)