Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Benefits of and barriers to PA in prostate and colorectal CPS

From: Development of a computer-tailored physical activity intervention for prostate and colorectal cancer patients and survivors: OncoActive

Benefits of PA
Findings from literature [7, 17, 19, 35, 56, 60, 105,106,107,108,109, 129,130,131, 135, 150,151,152,153] Findings from interviews [110]
Increased:
- physical functioning
- muscle strength
- quality of life
- cardiorespiratory fitness
- self-esteem
- mood
- incontinence
- sense of achievement
Decreased:
- treatment related side effects
- fatigue
- anxiety
- depression
- distress
- pain
- insomnia
Prevention of:
- comorbidities
- cancer recurrence
- secondary cancers
- cancer mortality
Perceived benefits CPS:
- better physical fitness
- better mental health
- feeling better and healthier
- being able to achieve goals
- take mind off of cancer
- better body weight
Addition from healthcare professionals:
- increased survival
- reduced risk on comorbidities
Barriers to PA
Findings from literature [7, 34, 35, 53, 82, 104, 129, 130,131,132, 135, 136, 150, 151, 153,154,156] Findings from interviews [110]
General barriers:
- bad weather
- lack of time
- lack of facilities
- lack of support
- motivational problems
- financial costs
- no enjoyment from PA
- PA not a priority
Cancer-specific barriers:
- fatigue
- decreased physical fitness
- decreased muscle strength
- pain
- saving energy for treatments
- infection risk
- embarrassment about bodily changes
- depression
- fear of doing too much/injuries
- symptoms from comorbidities
- stoma
- peripheral neuropathy
- (urinary) incontinence or diarrhea
- nausea and vomiting
- cancer treatment
Prostate and colorectal CPS:
- fatigue
- pain
- incontinence
- peripheral neuropathy
- lack of motivation
- poor physical fitness
- joint or muscle problems
- lack of time
- bad weather
- stoma
Healthcare professionals:
- lymphedema
- fear of movement
- hand-foot syndrome (side effect from chemotherapy drugs for colorectal cancer)
- problems with sitting on a bicycle saddle