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Table 3 Complication and dysfunction (n = 72)

From: Clinical outcomes of transoral videolaryngoscopic surgery for hypopharyngeal and supraglottic cancer

Category No. %
Complication
 Respiration-related
  Temporary tracheostomy 2 2.8
Prolonged mechanical ventilation 0 0.0
 Surgical site-related
  Pharyngeal fistula 2 2.8
Subcutaneous emphysema 4 5.6
Dysfunction
 Swallowing-related
  Nasogastric tube placement 16 22.2
Preventive balloon dilation 3 4.2
Gastrostomy tube placement 0 0.0
Aspiration pneumonia 2 2.8
Persistent dysphasia 3 4.2
 Phonation-related
  Permanent vocal dysfunction 0 0.0