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Table 2 Anxiety and depression in a population-based sample of cancer survivors compared to population-based valuesa (n = 3370)

From: Anxiety and depression in working-age cancer survivors: a register-based study

  Anxietyb Depressionb
  Cancer survivors Norm populationa    Cancer survivors Norm populationa   
Time post diagnosis Mean (SD) Mean p c dd Mean (SD) Mean p c dd
≤ 24 months (n = 556) 6.7 (4.0) 5.05 <.001 .45 4.1 (4.0) 4.71 <.001 .16
25–48 months (n = 1307) 6.8 (4.2) 5.07 <.001 .45 4.2 (4.0) 4.71 <.001 .14
49–72 months (n = 1141) 6.8 (4.2) 5.08 <.001 .44 4.1 (4.0) 4.78 <.001 .17
> 72 months (n = 302) 6.5 (4.0) 5.07 <.001 .39 4.0 (3.8) 4.86 <.001 .22
Total (n = 3306) 6.8 (4.1) 5.07 <.001 .44 4.1 (4.0) 4.75 <.001 .16
  1. Abbreviations: SD, standard deviation.
  2. aGender and age adapted norm values according to Hinz &Brähler [29]
  3. bAccording to the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)
  4. c p value determined according to single sample t-test with norm mean as reference, bold print indicates significance
  5. dEffect size: Cohen’s d