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Table 5 Dietary blood biomarkers association with MEDAS food groups, assessed using multivariate regression

From: Validation of the German version of the Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS) questionnaire

  Baseline At 3 months
Dietary biomarker association with MEDAS food group Estimate p-Value Estimate p-Value*
β-Carotene with
 Fresh vegetables −22 0.197 446 0.104
 Fruits 237 0. 287 366 0.147
omega 3 with
 Amount of olive oil −0.99 0.415 1.1 0.230
 Red meat −0.99 0.282 2.2 0.099
 Fish −2.1 0.133 2.1 0.037
 Nuts 1.5 0.094 −1.2 0.225
omega 6 with
 Amount of olive oil 0.269 0.775 −0.4 0.702
 Red meat 0.243 0.734 −1.3 0.360
 Fish 0.834 0.433 −2.4 0.026
 Nuts −0.96 0.162 1.5 0.147
omega 9 with
 Amount of olive oil −0.095 0.114 −0.054 0.542
 HsCRP with     
 Amount of olive oil −0.234 0.402 −0.3 0.161
  1. *adjusted for the study arm
  2. Only significant P values are bold