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Table 4 MEDAS food groups association with dietary biomarkers in the blood

From: Validation of the German version of the Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS) questionnaire

  Baseline (n = 66) At 3 months(n = 54)
MEDAS food group association with dietary biomarker(s) Mean for group with 0 point (n) Mean for group with 1 point (n) p-value Mean for group with 0 point (n) Mean for group with 1 point (n) p-value*
vegetables with
 β-carotene [μg/l] 859.7 (26) 889.3 (39) 0.868 487.8 (9) 918.91 (45) 0.004
fruit with
 β-carotene [μg/l] 786.6 (36) 1009.51 (29) 0.183 689.5 (25) 984.181 (29) 0.056
how much olive oil with
 hsCRP [mg/l] 0.6 (54) 0.51 (11) 0.337 0.7 (39) 0.51 (15) 0.218
 omega 3 [%] 14.0 (54) 13.7 (11) 0.763 13.2 (39) 13.81 (15) 0.513
 omega 6 [%] 27.5 (54) 27.3 (11) 0. 831 25.0 (39) 25.01 (15) 0.983
 omega 9 [%] 14.08 (54) 13.77 (11) 0.185 15.4 (39) 15.16 (15) 0.362
red meat with
 omega 3 [%] 14.2 (21) 13.8 (44) 0.665 12.1 (8) 13.3 (45) 0.202
 omega 6 [%] 27.5 (21) 27.4 (44) 0.908 25.0 (8) 25.2 (45) 0.849
fish with
 omega 3 [%] 14.1 (59) 12.6 (6) 0.280 12.6 (38) 15.11 (16) 0.053
 omega 6 [%] 27.4 (59) 27.9 (6) 0.629 25.6 (38) 23.41 (16) 0.035
nuts with
 omega 3 [%] 13.5 (38) 14.5 (27) 0.230 13.8 (23) 13.2 (30) 0.559
 omega 6 [%] 27.8 (38) 26.9 (27) 0.811 24.4 (23) 25.4 (30) 0.361
  1. *based on the t-test
  2. Only significant P values are bold